iPad buying guide: How to choose an iPad Pro, iPad Air, or iPad mini

So you’re in the market for a new iPad. Excellent choice—I couldn’t live without mine. It’s my companion when I’m catching up on news and email in the morning over tea, reading a comic book in the evening to unwind, or watching a movie while traveling on a plane.
But these days, picking an iPad can be tricky. Apple currently sells five different models of iPad, with prices ranging from $269 to $1079. There are size, storage, color, and connectivity options to consider. All in all, there are 61 different variations of iPad from which to choose. So which iPad is right for you? Read on.If you want it all: iPad Pro

The iPad Pro is the newest and biggest iPad, with a 12.9-inch diagonal screen. It’s a bit like someone ripped the screen off of a 13-inch laptop and turned it into an iPad. The iPad Pro is also the fastest iOS device ever and offers many features that aren’t available on any other device.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

Apple Expands Personal Pickup to Six More European Countries

Apple today expanded its Personal Pickup in-store pickup service to France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and Sweden. The launch of Personal Pickup in Germany was first noted by Macerkopf, and MacRumors subsequently confirmed the wider European expansion of the service.
Personal Pickup allows customers to place an order on the Apple Online Store or Apple Store app and pick it up at a nearby Apple Retail Store, generally within an hour. The service is offered for several Apple products, including Macs, iPhones, iPads, Apple TVs and the Apple Watch.
Apple notifies customers via email or text message when an order is available for in-store pickup with a valid photo ID.
Personal Pickup launched in the U.S. in 2011, but was unavailable elsewhere until last month. The service first expanded to Australia and Canada on November 17 before going live in the United Kingdom three days later.
Personal Pickup has yet to launch in other countries and regions with an Apple retail store presence, including Belgium, Brazil, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.
MacRumors broke the news in early November that Apple was planning an international expansion of Personal Pickup in Australia, France, United Kingdom and other countries, and the service is now live in all of those countries.
(Thanks, Andre!)Tags: Italy, Spain, The Netherlands, Sweden, France, Germany Discuss this article in our forums

Adobe November 2015 Creative Cloud Update Includes New Features for Photoshop, Premiere Pro, After Effects and More

Several of Adobe's key Creative Cloud apps will see updates today as part of the company's promised 2015 update plan. As highlighted at Adobe MAX and IBC 2015, InDesign CC, Illustrator CC, Photoshop CC, Lightroom CC, Illustrator CC, Indesign CC, Premiere Pro CC, After Effects CC, and more will gain new features.
Many of Adobe's apps, including Photoshop CC, Lightroom CC, Illustrator CC, InDesign CC, and Premiere Pro CC are being updated with new Touch capabilities for use on Windows tablets and Apple trackpad devices.
Photoshop CC, Illustrator CC, InDesign CC, Lightroom CC and more are receiving minor updates alongside Adobe's video editing apps, with features announced at Adobe MAX. Photoshop CC includes a new UI, customizable toolbar, and workspaces, along with new Artboards capabilities and tight integration with Adobe Fuse CC to create realistic human 2D models.
Illustrator CC includes a new Shaper tool that combines 12 tools and panels in one, non-destructive Live Shapes, and Improved Smart Guides, and InDesign CC includes new online publishing features. Several of Adobe's apps, including Photoshop CC, Lightroom CC, Illustrator CC, InDesign CC, and Premiere Pro CC are also being updated with new Touch capabilities usable on Windows tablets and Apple trackpad devices.
Adobe Premiere Pro, Adobe's professional video editing software, is being updated with expanded support for UltraHD formats (DNxHR, HEVC H.265, and OpenEXR) for editing 4K to 8K video footage. Premiere Pro's Optical Flow Time Remapping allows for smooth slow-motion and speed-ramp effects, plus high-quality frame rate conversions. Adobe Premiere Pro is also being updated with HDR support.

Adobe After Effects CC is gaining support for the Lumetri Color settings introduced in Premiere Pro earlier this year. With Lumetri color support, changes made in Premiere Pro will carry over to After Effects.
Adobe Audition CC includes a new Remix tool for adjusting the duration of a song to match video content. Remix is able to automatically rearrange music to any duration to create custom tracks that fit video creation needs. It's also able to generate synthesized speech in dozens of voices for custom narration and scratch voiceover.
Adobe's fall updates are the second major round of updates the company's Creative Cloud apps have seen this year. The apps also saw significant feature updates in June. Discuss this article in our forums

Apple Seeds Fifth OS X 10.11.2 El Capitan Beta to Developers and Public Beta Testers

Apple today seeded the fifth beta of an upcoming OS X 10.11.2 El Capitan update to developers and public beta testers, two weeks after seeding the fourth beta and more than a month after releasing OS X 10.11.1, the first OS X El Capitan update, to the public.
The fifth beta, build 15C48a, is available through the Software Update mechanism in the Mac App Store and can be downloaded through the Apple Developer Center. Public beta testers can download the beta through the Mac App Store.
OS X 10.11.2 appears to be an under-the-hood update as the four previous betas have not included any apparent outward-facing changes. OS X 10.11.2 is likely to include bug fixes, security enhancements, and performance improvements to address problems that have popped up since the release of OS X 10.11.1.
Apple's release notes for OS X 10.11.2 have asked developers to focus on Networking, Graphics, Mail, Wi-Fi, Calendar, USB, Notes, Photos, and Spotlight.Related Roundup: OS X El Capitan Tag: OS X 10.11.2 Discuss this article in our forums

A9X Die Photo From iPad Pro Reveals 12-Cluster Graphics, No L3 Cache

Financial news website The Motley Fool has shared details of the A9X die featured in the new Apple iPad Pro, thanks to analysis from electronics teardown firm Chipworks. The photo reveals the A9X's dual-core CPU and a 12-cluster GPU to drive the device's massive display.
While the CPU core count observed in the A9X matches that of the A9 from the iPhone 6s and 6s Plus, the 12-cluster GPU is twice as powerful as the six-cluster GPU found in the A9 design. Otherwise, the core and cluster designs appear to be identical to those found in the A9 die shots.
Dual-core CPU boxed in green, six dual-cluster GPU regions boxed in blue
Chipworks confirms that the die shown in the photo is fabricated by TSMC, and it does indeed show similarities with the existing A9 TSMC die already pictured by Chipworks.
The Motley Fool also points out that the 8 MB third level cache featured on the A9 to help manage data flow to and from memory is not present on the A9X die, suggesting that the absence of this cache is due to the increased memory bandwidth that the A9X enjoys by having a memory interface twice the width of the A9 die. Indeed, in the included die shot, an expansive DRAM memory interface can be observed across three sides of the die.
It is also worth mentioning that while the display resolution is much greater than on other iPads, the iPad Pro does not feature the 12-megapixel camera of the iPhone 6s and 6s Plus that would place additional demands on the memory hierarchy for real-time image processing.
The presence of only two CPU cores is also interesting, given that the A8X featured in the iPad Air 2 had three CPU cores. The iPad Pro can make up any resultant performance deficiencies through a combination of higher efficiency, thanks to the new architecture, as well as the large clock speed boost compared to the A8 designs.
Even with the absence of L3 cache and only two CPU cores, the A9X measures 147 square millimeters. This is just 18 square millimeters shy of Apple's largest chip design ever, the A5X featured in the first iPad with retina display. Unsurprisingly, the A5X was quickly phased out and replaced by the smaller A6X seen in the fourth-generation iPad. The A9X's 147 mm^2 die is also larger than the latest quad-core Skylake design from Intel, which comes in at 122 mm^2 on its 14nm FinFET process.
While it may simply be a perfect mixture of die space saving and adequate memory bandwidth for the A9X design, the lack of the third level SRAM cache may tip future design decisions should memory bandwidth improve substantially. 3D IC packaging designs are rapidly approaching mainstream consumer electronics, and they boast a variety of memory configurations, which stand to significantly improve memory bandwidth while also providing lower power dissipation. As we covered recently, packaging technologies enabling these high bandwidth memories may arrive as soon as Apple's A10 SoC for devices next year.Related Roundup: iPad Pro Tags: Chipworks, A9X Buyer's Guide: iPad Pro (Buy Now) Discuss this article in our forums

Putting Mac OS on Raspberry Pi...eventually

“I know what would be a fun little project for Think Retro,” I thought one day, like the prize chump I am: “installing a classic Mac OS onto a Raspberry Pi.”
The key words there were “fun” and “little,” but as the hours ticked by it was clear that “little” was laughably optimistic, and “fun” was true only in the way that a day at boot camp is fun: you know it’s good for you to be pushed out of your comfort zone and exercise bits of your anatomy that are usually blissfully underused, but you only really feel it was actually fun once you’re back at home, soaking in the tub and with a glass of port within easy reach.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

On1 Photo 10 review: From suite to sweet: photo editing app does it all

For about a decade, On1’s photo editing tools have been marketed and used primarily as plug-ins for Adobe Lightroom, Apple Aperture, or Adobe Photoshop. Each tool was an independent, one-trick pony and appropriately named: Perfect Black and White, for example, or Perfect Portrait. A couple of versions back, On1 began rolling these mini-apps into a Perfect Photo Suite that allowed users to access all the tools from a central dashboard independent of Lightroom or Aperture. The latest version—renamed On1 Photo 10—takes this plan to the next level. Photo 10 is no longer a suite in name or design: It’s now a pretty well integrated app.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

12 apps we're dying to have on our new Apple TV

Looking for a karaoke game or a workout app for the Apple TV? The new tvOS App Store has got your covered. Some Apple TV apps are even weirder than that. But there are still some notable holdouts that prevent the tvOS App Store from being as expansive as the iOS App Store. If Apple wants to make "apps the future of TV," then here are a few apps it needs to add to the Apple TV App Store right away.Amazon Instant Video
After Amazon.com pulled the Apple TV from its online store, it seemed that Amazon would never take a dip in the Apple pond. But according to a new rumor, Amazon is currently working on an Apple TV app for its Amazon Instant Video service, home of critically-acclaimed TV shows like Transparent and The Man in the High Castle. If the rumor proves true, Apple TV owners will be able to install an Amazon Instant Video app "within a few weeks," hopefully by the time Transparent season 2 premieres on Dec. 11.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

Adobe releases big updates to Photoshop and a new 3D character app, Fuse

All updates all the time: That is Adobe’s mission for its Creative Cloud subscription plan. Delivering perpetual updates to the suite’s desktop lineup, without adhering to a designated upgrade schedule, frees both company and users from the long, cold wait for new and enhanced features. On Monday, Adobe announced a huge update to Photoshop CC 2015, its flagship image editor, which now hooks into its new 3D character creation app called Fuse CC.
Photoshop users are accustomed to change: Over time, Adobe has tweaked the app endlessly. But even by Adobe’s standards, the fall 2015 update opens up a new world to Photoshop users. Its flatter look and redrawn icons are just the beginning: Its integration with Fuse, which enhances Photoshop’s already extensive 3D capabilities, goes further.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

Considering a hardware RAID? Here’s what you need to know

It’s quiz time: what’s the single most important thing in your Mac computing environment? Is it the actual Mac model you use? Is it the size of the display attached to the Mac? The speed of the CPU? The amount of memory? The size of the hard drive? The speed of and memory on the graphics card? The network connectivity?
While all of those may seem important, I would argue that the most important thing in your Mac computing environment isn’t any of those things. In fact, it’s nothing you can directly touch or see. It’s your data. Whether that data is photographs or text documents or code or 3D CAD drawings or digital artwork, it’s your data that’s truly important. All the other stuff is hardware, and is easily replaced. Your data is irreplaceable. That’s why you have a backup plan, right?To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

Cortana for iOS beta arrives (but it isn't for everyone)

Here’s some good news and bad news for those of you looking forward to playing with Cortana for iOS: The good news is that the public beta is here. The bad news? Only a small group of users will get to try it out.According to tech blog Warenotice, Microsoft is currently distributing the Cortana for iOS beta to the first round of beta testers—presumably to those who applied for the beta program earlier this month. Warenotice received an invitation to test the app, and published a few screenshots of Cortana running on an iPhone.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

Upthere hands-on: Promising sync-free cloud storage for Mac, iPhone

Like it or not, cloud storage is the future, despite the fact that even major players with deep pockets haven’t quite nailed it yet. Now that Dropbox has come down to Earth on pricing and capacity, it’s generally considered superior to competing services from Amazon, Google, and Apple—and don’t even get me started on Microsoft, who recently reneged on its promise of unlimited storage for Office 365 subscribers.
Last month, a new player named Upthere burst onto the scene offering an alternative, sync-free “cloud computer.” Currently available free with unlimited storage while in beta (the company has yet to announce pricing), Upthere does have at least one ace up its sleeve: Founder and former Apple vice-president Bertrand Serlet, who worked as software engineering lieutenant under Steve Jobs for more than two decades.To read this article in full or to leave a comment, please click here

How To Share A USB Printer Over Your Network In Windows 10

Windows 10 has made both big and small changes to how things are done in the OS. Many features continue to work much the same way they did in older versions of Windows but almost as many things have changed. If you previously used a USB printer, sharing it with everyone over your network was pretty easy. All you had to do was go to the Share tab in the printer’s properties and share it with everyone. The share tab is gone in Windows 10 and how you share a USB printer in Windows 10 has changed. Here’s how to find the share option for sharing a USB printer over your network in Windows 10.

Open the Control Panel app and go to Devices & Printers. Right-click the printer you want to share and select ‘See what’s printing’ from the context menu.

This opens the printer’s jobs’ window where you can see all active and queued print jobs. Open the Printer menu and select Sharing. This opens the properties window for the printer and here you have a Share tab. Go to the Share tab and enable the ‘Share this printer’ option. You can enter a different name for the printer if you like. Click Apply and everyone on your network should now be able to send print jobs to the printer you just shared.

This works for when you have multiple systems connected to the same WiFi network but are not necessarily part of the same home or work group. Why Microsoft chose to hide this little option like that is a mystery but rest assured if you don’t find an old setting, feature, or option in Windows 10, it’s not necessarily gone. It’s just moved.
Read How To Share A USB Printer Over Your Network In Windows 10 by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

Why Are Websites Suddenly Asking Me To Save Cookies?

Cookies, not the chocolate chip kind, have long been a familiar term to anyone who uses the internet. It’s our general understanding that websites store cookies on our computer. Occasionally, someone will write about ‘privacy’ and ‘tracking’ concerns regarding these cookies upsetting people. The more naive ones, and even some of the sensible ones, will think they’ve accidentally installed a massive spying program on their computer and their every click is now being tracked. That’s not what cookies do. Storing cookies allows websites to remember preferences and retain browsing sessions. For example, if you start shopping on Amazon without logging into your account, and close the tab either accidentally or on purpose, when you next visit the site, the items you previously added to the shopping cart will still be there. Why? Because cookies. If you’re alright with websites saving cookies, then you might simply be wondering why there is a sudden need for your explicit agreement to saving them. The answer to that is a new law passed under the EU e-Privacy Directive.

The law states;
a person shall not store or gain access to information stored, in the terminal equipment of a subscriber or user unless the requirements of paragraph (2) are met.
(2) The requirements are that the subscriber or user of that terminal equipment-
(a) is provided with clear and comprehensive information about the purposes ofthe storage of, or access to, that information; and
(b) has given his or her consent.Regulation 6 of the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (PECR)
Here’s what the cookie consent pop-up might look like, and how it reads.

The law basically means that when people visit a website that stores cookies in their browser, they must know that it is saving them. They must also know what the point of saving these cookies is, and they have to agree to it.
There are exceptions to the law. When saving a cookie is absolutely necessary, i.e. without saving it you cannot use the website or service in question, the website doesn’t need to ask for your consent to save a cookie. It is assumed that you grant it by using the website or its service. For example; cookies needed to remember the things you’ve added to your shopping cart will be exempt as they are necessary to allow you to purchase an item.
The good news is that first and third party ad tracking cookies are not exempt from the law and will require consent from the user to save to your browser.
You can read the comprehensive directive issued by International Commissioner’s Office via the link at the end.The document gives a brief history of the law, defines terms and parties, and assists website owners and users alike regarding compliance.
Read Guidance on the rules on use of cookies and similar technologies
Read Why Are Websites Suddenly Asking Me To Save Cookies? by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

Reload Broken Images In Firefox Without Refreshing The Page

Internet Explorer gets slack for a lot of things; being too slow, being a security risk, not supporting CSS well, causing your system to slow down, causing WW 2, etc. I stopped using Internet Explorer years ago but I do remember one particular ‘feature’ that it had, that neither Chrome nor Firefox support. It was a feature that allowed you to reload a broken image and it was beyond helpful. Consider yourself going through a large photo album on Imgur of a really great DIY project and finding out that a few images didn’t load. The only thing you can do is refresh the page and wait for the images to download fresh. Image Context Menu is a Firefox add-on that adds a ‘reload’ option, among others, to the right-click context menu. With the add-on installed, you can individually reload broken images, or images that failed to download without reloading the whole page.

Install Image Context Menu and browse away until you find a website or an Imgur album with lots of images. In the event that an image fails to load, right-click where it ought to have appeared and select ‘Reload image’ from the context menu. The add-on will load the image leaving everything else on that page untouched.

The add-on also adds two more helpful options; Open Image in New Tab which is already present in Chrome by default, and Search Image on, which isn’t available on Chrome, that lets you reverse search an image on Google, Bing, and Yahoo. It also has a ‘reload all broken images’ option for when there are several broken images on a single page. Instead of right-clicking each one, simply right-click on an empty area of the page and select the reload all images option.
Download Image Context Menu For Firefox
Read Reload Broken Images In Firefox Without Refreshing The Page by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How To Change Your Nickname In iOS Game Center

Game Center is an excellent feature in iOS that lets you challenge other players anywhere in the world. It’s because of this feature that games like Tall Chess and Letterpress are possible. The sheer joy of being able to challenge a random stranger to a game and to have someone to play with when your friends don’t like the same games as you do make it awesome. When you first create an Apple ID on a brand new iOS device, you are asked to set a Game Center account. The account is associated with your Apple ID so there isn’t any real setting up. All you have to do is select a nickname which is what other players see when they look at your profile. If you accidentally ended up with a typo in your nickname, or later decided you wanted a much better, cooler, and very serious one, here’s how you can change it.

Open the Settings app and go to the Game Center preference. Scroll down to where it says ‘Game Center Profile’ and tap the name you see there. You will be taken to the Game Center profile page where you can edit your name under the Nickname field.
It will warn you if you select a name that isn’t available. When you first set up a Game Center nickname, it tells you what characters you can’t use, however, it doesn’t do that when you’re editing it. So, just a little heads-up, no underscores.

Tap ‘Done’ and the name will be updated in the Game Center app. Your gaming achievements remain untouched and you get the better, cooler, tougher name you wanted.
Read How To Change Your Nickname In iOS Game Center by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

What Is The Difference Between An HDD And An SSD?

If you’re looking to build a PC, or perhaps ready to upgrade your laptop to a newer, faster, more powerful model, you will likely have to familiarize yourself with the major components that collectively contribute to its power. The components depend on your needs which may involve games, running heavy software, or watching movies and looking at cat pictures. If you were to start looking at pats of laptop models now, you will come across something somewhat new; SSD drives. For years now, laptops and desktop PCs have used HDD i.e. Hard Disk Drives but the changing market now has models that come with an SSD i.e. a Solid State Drive. If you’re wondering what the difference between the two is, this post breaks it down for you.

SSD and HDD differ in a lot of ways but the one major difference between the two is their structure.
An Hard Disk Drive is a mechanical device with spinning (i.e. moving) parts like the spindle, the platters carrying the disks, and the read/write head that moves over the disks to read and write data, among others.
A Solid State Drive is simply a chip, or set of chips arranged together, depending on the capacity. There are no moving parts. An easy way to understand what it means to have no moving parts is to look at a USB. It has no read/write head, or even data disks.
These two storage devices derive their names from their structural make-up. An HDD is a storage device with mechanical moving parts whereas an SSD is made up of chips. The structural differences aren’t the only difference though. Here’s a brief comparison between the two types of drives.
Hard Disk Drive
Solid State Drive
Is significantly cheaper in comparison
Is going to cost considerably more than an HDD. Even a USB of the same capacity will cost less. It’s safe to say that an SSD is one of the more expensive storage devices at present
Overtime, and with larger files stored on an HDD, fragmentation can occur
Fragmentation doesn’t occur on an SSD
An HDD is more commonly available in lots of different capacities.
An SSD is available in limited storage capacities and it isn’t available everywhere.
An HDD can break i.e. shatter if you attempt to move your laptop or computer while the drive is still running. Although HDDs have become better, and more reliable, it is still prone to shattering due to its structure
A solid state drive can’t shatter like an HDD. It’s not advisable that you smash it with a hammer and expect it to survive but you don’t need to worry about it breaking.
An HDD is noisy. Some are less noisy, some are more noisy, but they are definitely noisy.
An SSD is quiet as a mouse because it has no moving parts.
Compared to SSDs, an HDD is slower at reading and writing data.
An SSD is much faster at reading and writing data than an HDD. These drives are often preferred by gamers for a better gaming experience. And that’s why gaming laptops and PCs generally cost more
Although energgy consumption by an HDD is not huge, we’re comparing it to that of an SSD and it’s higher.
An SSD consumes significantly less energy than an HDD and it won’t heat up much. An HDD is likely to heat up much more than an SSD of equal capacity
An HDD weighs more.
An SSD weighs significantly less than an HDD making the laptops that they are used in weigh less. If weight is an issue for you when you buy a laptop, consider looking at models that come with an SSD
These are the major differences between the two types of drives. With SSD being the newest technology, it’s obviously more expensive. People recommend it for its reliability. HDDs are considered to be the storage equivalent of work horses. If you decide to go with an SSD, you will likely have to pay more for less storage space and the availability of the drive may be a problem.
Read What Is The Difference Between An HDD And An SSD? by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

Enable Compression Tool In VLC Player To Fix Movies With Loud Action And Quiet Dialogue Sounds

Interstellar is an excellent movie that I got to see in a theater with surround sound. I’d recommend it to anyone in a heartbeat even though I still have my doubts about what Matthew Mcconaughey was saying at times and I’m partially deaf from the loud sound track. This is, unfortunately, a thing with some movies. Literally every sound from a car stopping suddenly to the phone ringing, is super loud but when the actors talk, it sounds as though the movie were filmed in a library during working hours. It’s annoying and most people who watch movies on their computers will resort to increasing and decreasing the volume to spare their ears. If you use VLC player though, it has a compression tool that you can enable and it will fix the problem altogether. Here’s how it works.

Open your movie in VLC player and go to Tool>Effects and Filters.

In the Adjustments and Effects window that opens, go to the Compressor tab and enable it. You can go with the default settings if they handle the volume fluctuations well, or you can customize them. Enabling compression will allow VLC to automatically manage the volume so that it stays at the same level when it gets too quiet or too loud.

If you’re wondering how VLC player can handle this oft-occurring problem when movie makers refuse to deal with it post-production, the answer lies in what the compressor tool does.
When you play a movie in VLC player, you set the volume to one that you’re comfortable with. When the sound is too quiet, the compression tool detects it and increases the volume. When the sound suddenly gets too loud, the tool reduces it so that you don’t hurt your ears.
Read Enable Compression Tool In VLC Player To Fix Movies With Loud Action And Quiet Dialogue Sounds by Fatima Wahab on AddictiveTips – Tech tips to make you smarter

How to Install The Latest Arduino IDE 1.6.6 in Ubuntu

Quick tutorial shows you how to the latest Arduino IDE, so far its version 1.6.6, in all current Ubuntu releases.
The open-source Arduino IDE has reached the 1.6.6 release recently with lots of changes. The new release has switched to Java 8, which is now both bundled and needed for compiling the IDE. See the RELEASE NOTE for details.

For those who don’t want to use the old 1.0.5 version available in Software Center, you can always follow below steps to install Arduino in all Ubuntu releases:
Replace the words in red for future releases
1. Download the latest packages, Linux 32-bit or Linux 64-bit, from the official link below:
www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software
Don’t know your OS type? Go and check out System Settings -> Details -> Overview.
2. Open terminal from Unity Dash, App Launcher, or via Ctrl+Alt+T keys. When it opens, run below commands one by one:
Navigate to your downloads folder:
cd ~/Downloads

Decompress the downloaded archive with tar command:
tar -xvf arduino-1.6.6-*.tar.xz

Move the result folder to /opt/ directory for global use:
sudo mv arduino-1.6.6 /opt

3. Now the IDE is ready for use with bundled Java. But it would be good to create desktop icon/launcher for the application:
Navigate to install folder:
cd /opt/arduino-1.6.6/
Give executable permission to install.sh script in that folder:
chmod +x install.sh
Finally run the script to install both desktop shortcut and launcher icon:
./install.sh
In below picture I’ve combined 3 commands into one via “&&”:

Finally, launch Arduino IDE from Unity Dash, Application Launcher, or via Desktop shorcut.

How to Install 0 A.D. Alpha 19 Syllepsis in Ubuntu via PPA

The nineteenth alpha version of 0 A.D., a free, open-source game of ancient warfare, was released yesterday. PPA’s ready for Ubuntu 16.04, Ubuntu 15.10, Ubuntu 14.04, and Ubuntu 12.04.
0 A.D. Alpha 19 named ‘Syllepsis’. It features new victory modes, a ceasefire game mode, attack coordination, 3 new skirmish maps, new animals, visual replay, and eight times maximum map height support. See release note.

Install 0 A.D. from PPA:
There’s an official PPA repository for all current Ubuntu releases and derivatives. Follow below steps to add PPA and install the game.
1. Add 0 A.D. PPA
Open terminal from Unity Dash, App Launcher, or via Ctrl+Alt+T shortcut key. When it opens, paste below commands and hit Enter:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:wfg/0ad

Type in your password when it asks, no visual feedback so just type in mind, and hit Enter to continue.
2. Install or Upgrade the game.
If you have a previous version installed on your system, upgrade the game by launching Software Updater and installing available updates after checking for updates:

Or you may run below commands one by one in terminal to refresh system cache and install (or upgrade) the game:
sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install 0ad
3. (Optional) Uninstall
remove the PPA via Software & Updates -> Other Software tab and remove the 0 A.D. using Software Center.