9 Неща за вършене След Инсталиране на Ubuntu 17.10

Brief: Here are the essential неща за вършене, след като инсталирате Ubuntu 17.10 in order to give you a better and smooth experience after the fresh install of Ubuntu 17.10.

Ubuntu 17.10 is about to be released. Досега, you must have seen the нови функции в Ubuntu 17.10 and if you are giving it a try with a fresh install, here I am listing a few things to do after installing Ubuntu 17.10 that will make your experience with Ubuntu better.

If you are a new Ubuntu user, I also recommend to reading this getting started guide with Ubuntu that will help you to understand Ubuntu and use it easily.

Какво да направя, след като инсталирате Ubuntu 17.10

Just to be clear, what to do after installing Ubuntu 17.10 depends upon you, the user. If you are into graphics design, you’ll like to install plenty of Linux graphics tools. If you are into Linux gaming, you might look for installing more Linux games and configuring your graphics card for that. Ако сте в програмиране, you would want to install programming tools, editors, IDEs etc.

This list here is mostly generic to put down things that should be useful for almost everyone, if not all. These steps mentioned here are surely helpful to most new Ubuntu users.

I have created a video so that it will be easier for you to see these steps in action. правя subscribe to our YouTube channel for more Ubuntu and Linux videos.

Така, let’s begin with the written list of неща за вършене, след като инсталирате Ubuntu 17.10:

1. Актуализиране на вашата система

Whenever you do a fresh install of Ubuntu, update the system. Може да звучи странно, защото сте инсталирали нова OS, но все още, you must run the updater.

I have experienced that if you don’t update the system right after installing Ubuntu, може да се изправят пред проблеми, докато се опитва да се инсталира нова програма. You may even see fewer applications to install.

To update your system, натиснете Super Key (Windows Key), за да започне Общ преглед на дейността и за Software Updater погледнем. Run this program. It will look for available updates. Install them.

Updater софтуер в Ubuntu 17.10

алтернативно, you can use the following command in the terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T):

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

2. Enable Canonical Partner repositories

Another must do thing is to enable Canonical Partner repositories. Ubuntu has a number of software available from its repositories. You can find them in the Software Center.

But you get even more software in the Software Center if you enable the Canonical Partner repositories. This additional repository consists of third-party software, often proprietary stuff, that have been tested by Ubuntu.

Отиди на преглед на дейността, като натиснете Super (бутон за Windows), and look for Software & актуализации:

Софтуер и актуализации в Ubuntu 17.10

Open it and under the Друг софтуер раздел, проверка на възможността за Canonical Партньори.

It will ask for your password and update the software sources. След като завършва, вие ще намерите повече приложения да инсталират в Software Center.

3. Инсталирайте медийни кодеци

По подразбиране, Ubuntu doesn’t provide a number of media codecs because of copyright issues. But it does provide an easy way to install these media codecs so that you could play MP3, MPEG4, AVI and a number of other media files.

You can install these media codecs thanks to Ubuntu Restricted Extra package. Кликнете върху линка по-долу, за да го инсталирате от Software Center.

Инсталирате Ubuntu Restricted Екстри

или алтернативно, използвате командата по-долу, за да го инсталирате:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

4. Инсталирайте софтуера от Software Center

Once you have upgraded the system and installed the codecs, it’s time to install some software. If you are rather new to Ubuntu, I suggest reading this detailed beginner’s насочи към инсталиране на софтуер в Ubuntu.

в основата си, there are various ways to install software in Ubuntu. The easiest, most convenient and most reliable way is to use the Software Center to find and install new software.

You can open the Software Center to look for software to install in this graphical tool.

алтернативно, if you know what you are going to install just type the sudo apt install <program_name> command to install it. Прочетете beginners guide to using apt commands in Ubuntu for more details on this command.

It is up to you but I can surely suggest a few applications that are on my list of неща за вършене, след като инсталирате Ubuntu 17.10.

  • VLC media player for videos
  • GIMP - Photoshop алтернатива за Linux
  • Shutter – Screenshot application
  • калибър - инструмент за управление на електронни книги
  • хром - Open Source уеб браузър
  • Kazama – Screen Recorder Tool
  • Gdebi - Лека пакет инсталатор за .deb пакети.

You can also refer to this list of трябва да имате Linux приложения за повече софтуерни препоръки.

5. Install software from the web

You’ll find plenty of applications in the Software Center. But you’ll also find that many applications are not included in the Software Center despite the fact that they support Linux.

Всъщност, a number of software vendors package their software in .deb format that can be easily installed in Ubuntu. You can download the .deb files from their official websites and install them by double-clicking on it.

Some of the main software that I download and install from the web are:

6. Tweak the look and feel of Ubuntu 17.10

Ubuntu 17.10 uses GNOME desktop environment. While the default setup looks good, it doesn’t mean you cannot change it.

You can do some visual changes from the System Settings. Just search for System Settings in the Activity Overview and start it.

In the System Settings, you can change the wallpaper of the desktop and the lock screen, можете да промените позицията на док (стартера от лявата страна), промяна на настройките на мощността, Bluetooth и т.н.. Накратко, можете да намерите много настройки, които могат да се променят според вашите нужди.

Remember that there is no “set to default” button here so try to keep a track of changes you make to your system.

Let’s go further with tweaking the Ubuntu 17.10 система. You can install new icons and themes. But to change the themes and icons, you need to use GNOME Tweaks tool.

As some readers suggested, it is installed by default now. But if you cannoy find it, you can install it via the Software Center or you can use the command below to install it:

sudo apt install gnome-tweak-tool

След като бъде инсталиран, можеш инсталиране на нови теми и икони.

7. Удължаване на батерията и предотвратяване на прегряване

One of the best ways to предотврати прегряване на Linux лаптопи is to use TLP. Just install TLP and forget it. It works wonder in controlling CPU temperature and thus prolonging your laptops’ battery life in long run.

Можете да го инсталирате с помощта на командата по-долу в терминал:

sudo apt install tlp tlp-rdw

След като бъде инсталиран, изпълните командата по-долу, за да го стартирате:

sudo tlp start

No need for any configuration changes (you can do that if you know what you are doing). It will be automatically started with each boot and tweak your system’s power consumption.

8. Запазване на очите си с Nightlight

Another one of favorite things. Съхраняемост безопасни през нощта вашите очи от екрана на компютъра е много важно. Reducing blue light helps to reduce eye strain.

GNOME provides a built-in Night Light option and you can activate it in the System Settings.

Просто отидете на System Settings-> съоражения-> Показва и включете опцията нощна лампа.

9. Moving back to Xorg from Wayland (if needed)

I have separately discussed moving back to Xorg from Wayland in Ubuntu 17.10. As Ubuntu 17.10 moves away from the legacy Xorg display server, not all desktop applications are compatible with the new Wayland display server.

I faced issues with screen recording tool and apps that depend on geolocation such as RedShift. And for this reason, I switched to Xorg from Wayland. It won’t change anything from the end user’s point of view, so you can be sure that switching to Xorg won’t harm your system.

To switch to Xorg from Wayland, log out of your system, at the login screen, click the gear icon and select Ubuntu on Xorg option:

You can switch to Wayland in the same way,

Какво правите, след инсталирането на Ubuntu?

That was my suggestions for getting started with Ubuntu. Now it’s your turn. What steps do you recommend as неща за вършене, след като инсталирате Ubuntu 17.10? Секцията коментар е твой.


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