How to install Moodle on Ubuntu 14.04

This document describes how to install and configure Moodle on Ubuntu 14.04. Moodle (acronym for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) (stylised in lower-case as moodle) is a free software e-learning platform, also known as a Learning Management System, or Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). As of June 2013 it had a user base of 83,008 registered and verified sites, serving 70,696,570 users in 7.5+ million courses with 1.2+ million teachers. Equipped with a horde of smart features such as virtual quizzes, assignment submission, wiki, grading, IM services, and online discussion boards, Moodle enables a seamless online learning experience for end-users. Også, by virtue of being a modular software, it is capable of enhanced functionality through customized plugins.

1 Preliminary Note

This tutorial is based on Ubuntu 14.04 server, so you should set up a basic Ubuntu 14.04 server installation before you continue with this tutorial. The system should have a static IP address. I use as my IP-adresse in this tutorial and as the hostname.

2 Install Apache/MySQL/PHP

We require Apache, MySQL and PHP before Moodle installation. I will be using root credentials, if you are doing installation with any other user just prefix sudo before all commands:

apt-get -y install apache2 mysql-client mysql-server php5

You will be asked to provide a password for the MySQL root user - this password is valid for the user [email protected] as well as [email protected], so we don't have to specify a MySQL root password manually later on:
New password for the MySQL "root" user: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Repeat password for the MySQL "root" user: <-- yourrootsqlpassword

Moodle require some more packages we will install them as follows:

apt-get -y install graphviz aspell php5-pspell php5-curl php5-gd php5-intl php5-mysql php5-xmlrpc php5-ldap git-core

I will be using git utility for downloading Moodle so I have installed git-core.

3 Download Moodle

Now we will download Moodle as follows:

cd /opt
git clone git://
cd moodle
git branch -a
git branch --track MOODLE_27_STABLE origin/MOODLE_27_STABLE
git checkout MOODLE_27_STABLE

Next we need to copy the Moodle content to the /var/www/html as:

cp -R /opt/moodle /var/www/html/
mkdir /var/moodledata
chown -R www-data /var/moodledata
chown -R www-data /var/www/html/moodle
chmod -R 777 /var/moodledata
chmod -R 0755 /var/www/html/moodle

We need to change the default storage engine to innodb:

nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Give values at the end of the file as:

#Basic settings for moodle
default-storage-engine = innodb

4 Database initialization

We need a database for Moodle, I will create the database for the Moodle as follows:

mysql -u root -p

Here we are adding database=moodledb user=moodleuser og password=moodlepassword:


Further moving ahead:


Restart services

service apache2 restart
service mysql restart

3 Web installation of Moodle

Now we will proceed with the Moodle web-installation. Open a browser of your choice and open the link http:


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Select your language and press Næste:

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Change the value of Data directory til /var/moodledata and press Næste:

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Trykke Næste:

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Give the values at the time of creation of the database, in my case it was as follows:

Database host : localhost
Database name : moodledb
Database user : moodleuser
Database password : moodlepassword
table prefix : mdl_ (or any valaue of your choice)
Database port : 3306
Unix socket : It will remain blank.

After giving the values press Næste:

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Trykke Blive ved:

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Trykke Blive ved:

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Trykke Blive ved:

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Now create an admin user for Moodle, you can use any value as per your choice. In my case I am using:
Username : admin
New password : [email protected]
First name : Srijan
Surname : Kishore
EMail : [email protected]

All other field I will be using its default value, ofcourse you can change it later.

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Trykke Update profile:

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Give any name as per your choice, I am using a test name as:

Full site name : Test-moodle
Short name for site : test
Self registration : Deaktiver

After giving the values press Save changes:

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Gå nu til Site Administration-->Server-->System Paths and define the paths as follows:

Path to du : /usr/bin/du
Path to aspell : /usr/bin/aspell
Path to dot : /usr/bin/dot

Trykke Gem ændringer.

Now we are done with the installation part of Moodle, We can access the Moodle page at http://192.168.0100/moodle/login/index.php som følger:

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Your credentials will be Username=admin og Password=[email protected].
Next page will be the default welcome page.

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Now we can add courses and use Moodle as per our requirement. Congratulations! You now we have a fully functional Moodle instance on our Ubuntu 14.04 🙂

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