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Online privatliv: 3 måder at afværge cyberkriminelle og snoops

It’s easy to forget why online privacy is important until something salacious, like last year’s Ashley Madion hack, brings the risks to the forefront. The fact is, our increasingly connected lives make us sitting ducks for bad actors. While there’s no such thing as 100-percent security, there’s still plenty you can do to protect your privacy online.

Klip din browsing

Your web browsing habits reveal a lot about you, and the trail you leave through your history and cookies can be easily exploited by a ne’er-do-well. Your first stop, therefore, should be Tor, or The Onion Router. This browser directs all internet traffic through a network of computers, or “nodes,” encrypting data along the way, which obscures your browsing habits.

Tor is equal parts famous and infamous. While it’s been used for illicit activities like selling drugs, a la The Silk Road, it’s also favored by whistle-blowers, journalists, and activists who want to anonymously share vital information. The network is currently managed by the nonprofit Tor Project, where you can download det nu.

Tor
Den Tor Project tilbyder en anonym browser samt vejledning i dine browsing vaner.

Like Tor, virtual private networks (VPNs) mask your IP address. With VPN software, a user can connect to a remote server on a VPN provider’s network, which changes the user’s IP address and location accordingly. As with Tor, there are good and bad uses for this tech: VPNs’ ability to grant access to geo-restricted sites has made them popular among Netflix pirates, prompting the streaming giant to knække ned på dem. PayPal har også begrænset nogle VPN'er fra at acceptere betalinger. Ikke desto mindre er VPN'er et praktisk værktøj, hvis privatlivets fred er et problem.

“By using a VPN and frequently changing the location, plus browsing the internet in incognito or invisible mode (most browsers have this feature), the amount of data that is collected about you decreases,” Dan Gurghian from ibVPN fortalte mig.

reddit vpn
Den VPN subreddit har et væld af oplysninger om emnet.

VPNs are particularly helpful when using free public Wi-Fi, which can be the Wild West of cyber-threats. Public connections aren’t secure, and your browsing can be snooped on if sites aren’t using HTTPS, says Amit Bareket CEO of SaferVPN.

“Hackers can also use this opportunity to install software on your computer, which can capture confidential information like usernames, passwords, credit card numbers, and email exchanges,” Bareket says.

As you consider the several VPN providers on the market, avoid networks that keep data logs on users. Always check a provider’s terms and conditions. I recommend checking out flere VPN review sites—but be wary of affiliate programs that may be biased. Likewise, r / VPN på Reddit har normalt en temmelig levende og kritisk diskussion om VPN'er og deres privatlivs- og sikkerhedslover.

Krypter din kommunikation

Den Apple-FBI kamp has put the spotlight on encryption, because it can render data inaccessible to anyone, even law enforcement. Of course, that’s exactly what makes it a valuable privacy tool. Applied to email, encryption keeps your communications private.

PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) har indstillet krypteringsstandarden i mange år. Softwaren scrambles og unscrambles meddelelser, der kun kan sendes og modtages ved hjælp af offentlige og private nøgler. I de tidlige dage var processen med at bruge PGP for besværlig for de fleste brugere, men teknologien er gradvist blevet lettere at bruge. Mailvelope, for eksempel, er en browserudvidelse, der integreres med din webmail-konto (Gmail, Yahoo, etc.) for at generere offentlige og private nøgler. Sikker Gmail ved Streak er en anden populær mulighed, men er kun tilgængelig for Chrome. Thunderbird-brugere kan tjekke ud Enigmail tilføjelse.

Startups er spredt op og tilbyder dedikerede web-baserede klienter og mobilapps, der gør krypteringen mere brugervenlig. protonmail, founded by former CERN scientists, allows end-to-end encryption to avoid interception. It’s still in beta but you can reserve an account now. A similar option, Hushmail, opkræver $ 34.99 årligt.

effscorecard
Er din messaging-app op til snus når det kommer til kryptering? Tjek den Electronic Frontier Foundation’s scorecard.

Der er også en række krypterede messaging apps til smartphones. Electronic Frontier Foundation udført en udtømmende undersøgelse af messaging apps, dømme dem på kriterier som om, hvorvidt meddelelser krypteres langs alle links på deres vej, og om udbyderen har adgang til dine meddelelser.

Telegram, fra Rusland, er en af ​​de bedst berømte messaging apps og er vokset fremad. For nylig annoncerede den en selvdestruktion, der gør det muligt for brugerne at fjerne deres konto fjernt, hvis de mener, at det er blevet kompromitteret. Funktionen blev ansporet af anholdelse af en journalist i Iran, der brugte appen.

Andre krypterede messaging apps, som EFF scorede godt omfatter CryptoCat, en web og mobil chat platform, og Chatsecure til Android og iOS.

Bliv proaktiv

Der er mange måder, du kan forblive proaktiv i at håndtere din online sikkerhed. Du kan bruge DNS lækage test to check whether your IP details, which are associated with your browsing, are leaking online. When you’re using something like a VPN, you should take this test regularly to make sure there are no flaws in your software.

Opnåelse af højeste degree of privacy is difficult. It requires things like replacing debit/credit card payments and PayPal with cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin—a practice that can make day-to-day transactions difficult.

Dækningen af ​​det grundlæggende er nøglen her, men det menneskelige element er stadig vigtigt. Vær opmærksom på din sikkerhed og klogt når det kommer til ting som at ændre adgangskoder og undgå usikrede Wi-Fi-netværk. Husk: Intet er 100-procent sikkert.

For mere privacy-relaterede tips, se vores artikel om dækker dine numre online.

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