(Ubuntu 19.04 installation to computer with a beautiful welcome message)
This tutorial explains how to install Ubuntu 19.04 “Disco Dingo” with or without UEFI and in internal or external hard disk drive. You even can practice this to install Ubuntu on USB Flash Drive. You will prepare 2 partitions, 1 USB Flash Drive as installation media, and 1 EFI partition (for computer with UEFI boot system). The installation is quick with only +/-15 minutes into flash drive and should be quicker on HDD and even more quicker on SSD. I wish you all success in your installation. Finally, good luck and happy working!
There are 3 requirements:
- 2 partitions in hard disk drive
- 1 USB Flash Drive (as Ubuntu bootable media)
- 1 EFI partition (for UEFI computer)
First, what you required to create are 2 important disk partitions:
- One blank partition at least 20GB for main partition
- One blank partition at least 1GB for swap partition
Second, if your computer booting system is UEFI, not BIOS (Legacy), you need to create 1 more disk partition:
- One blank partition of 500MB for EFI System Partition (ESP)
Third, write the ISO image file of Ubuntu 19.04 into a USB Flash Disk using program Unetbootin (Windows), or GNOME Disk Utility (GNU/Linux), or Apple Disk Utility (MacOS).
To be completely careful, please pay attention to these:
- This tutorial is best for empty computer i.e. newly purchased computer or second hand without any data or any operating system inside.
- This tutorial can be used for dualboot installation mode e.g. having Windows and Ubuntu in one computer.
- This tutorial can be applied normally to install Ubuntu into internal hard disk.
- On the other hand, this tutorial can be applied as well to install Ubuntu into external hard disk drive or USB flash drive.
- You are responsible to your own computer and your own data. Make backup of all your important data present in the internal disk drive before doing any of these. Do not apply this to a non-empty computer e.g. dualboot mode unless you are experienced and you know what you are doing.
- If you are not experienced, ask technician or similar people with knowledge you trust near you to guide you in front of your computer to do these preparations and instructions below. Let him/her read the instructions and help you practicing.
Start the Installer
1. Choose a language
2. Choose Keyboard
3. Choose No Network
4. Choose Normal Installation
5. Choose Something Else
6. Create Main Partition
For installation to hard disk drive or external hard disk drive, do these:
- 1) Select your first blank partition > click Change
- 2) make sure the size is 20000 MB or more
- 3) Use as: Ext4 journaling file system
- 4) Format the partition: Yes
- 5) Mount point: /
If you want to install Ubuntu into USB Flash Drive, I suggest you to use Ext2 instead of Ext4 as Ext2 write rate is lower.
(Example setup for installation into a 16GB USB Flash Drive)
7. Create Swap Partition
- 1) Select your second empty partition > click Change
- 2) Make sure the size is 1000 MB at least
- 3) Format the partition: Yes
- 4) Use as: swap area
[Special: Create EFI Partition]
Only if your computer booting system is UEFI (new generation BIOS), follow this. If your computer still uses BIOS (Legacy) or has UEFI disabled, skip this right to step 8.
- Select your third blank partition of 500MB > click Change.
- Select Use as: EFI System Partition.
- Select Format the partition: Yes
8. Assign Bootloader
Choose the hard disk location where your main partition located. For hard disk drive, for example, where your main partition is /dev/sda1, then the bootloader should be assigned to /dev/sda.
- If you install Ubuntu to external hard drive, assume the partition is /dev/sdb1, then the bootloader should be in /dev/sdb.
- If you install Ubuntu to USB Flash Drive, assume the partition is /dev/sdc1, then the bootloader should be in /dev/sdc.
9. Personal Info
There are 2 info you need to determine here:
a) Your geographical location:
b) Your username and password:
10. Processing the Installation
Once finished, the system installer shows Installation Complete dialog. Click Restart Now, unplug your USB installation media, and let your computer boots to Ubuntu 19.04. Congratulations! Happy working!