Dual Booting Ubuntu uye Windows Ndiine SSD uye HDD

Dual kubhowa Ubuntu uye Windows haina kuomarara uye ini ndakaifukidza mune yakazara dzidziso mune yakapfuura. Munguva pfupi yapfuura, ini zvakare ndakanyora nezve huviri booting paBitlocker yakavharidzirwa Windows maitiro.

Uye zvakadaro pano ndiri kutaura nezvazvo zvakare. Sei? Nekuti mamiriro acho akati siyanei uye akati wandei Iwo vaverengi veFOSS vakabvunza mibvunzo nezve iyi chaiyo mamiriro.

Heano mamiriro acho: une komputa nyowani. Iyo inouya neiyo SSD ine yakaganhurirwa dhisiki nzvimbo senge 120 GB uye imwe yekuwedzera HDD ine 500 GB kana 1 TB dhisiki nzvimbo. Izvi zvinowanzo kuve chiitiko nemitambo malaptops uko hombe dhisiki nzvimbo inokoshesa kuchengetedza mafaera emutambo asi SSD inodikanwa kune inokurumidza bhutsu uye komputa ruzivo. 1 TB SSD yaizowedzera mutengo wehurongwa zvakanyanya uye nekudaro iyi yakasanganiswa yeSSD neHDD.

Zvino, kana iwe uchida kuita mbiri bhutsu pane system ine ma diski maviri, unogona kukanganiswa nezvekuti iwe unofanirwa kuisa Linux kupi.

Iwe une zvitatu zvaunogona kuita:

  1. Isa Linux zvachose paSSD. Iwe unozowana mukana wakazara weSDD kumhanya, asi ipapo unenge uine chete yakaganhurirwa dhisiki nzvimbo. Izvi zvinogona kushanda kana uine 180 GB kana 200 GB kana zvimwe paSSD asi isingashande ne120 GB SSD.
  2. Isa Linux zvachose paHDD. Iwe unenge uine yakawanda disk nzvimbo, asi Linux ichatanga kunonoka, uye iwe haugone kuwana iyo SSD mukana.
  3. Kubvumirana pakati peSSDD neHDD. Iwe unochengeta mudzi (uye nekudaro chinja uye bhuti) paSSD uye iwe unoisa yako Dhairekitori reKumba pane HDD. Nenzira iyi, iwe unobhururuka nekukurumidza muLinux uye une yakawanda disk nzvimbo yemako magwaro uye kurodha pasi.

Iko zvakare kune yechina sarudzo pano. Iwe unochengeta midzi pamwe nekumba paSSD. Uye iwe unoita chikamu paiyo HDD wobva wanyorovera kuti ubatanidze kune yako Music, Vhidhiyo uye Downloads folda. Nenzira iyi, ekushandisa-akasarudzika mafaera senge browser caching anoshandisa iyo SSD uye mamwe mahombe mafaera anogara paHDD. Asi izvi zvinogona kuve zvakaoma kumisikidza zvakanyanya neiyo inokurumidza bhuti inogoneswa pa Windows izvo zvaizoreva kuyedza kwakasarudzika kwekumisikidza auto-kukamura zvikamu.

Ini ndinokurudzira kuenda neyechitatu sarudzo yemaviri booting pane akapatsanuka madhiraivha akaoma uye izvi ndizvo zvandiri kuzokuratidza mune ino dzidziso.

Dual boot Ubuntu uye Windows pane system ine SSD uye HDD

huviri booting system hdd ssd

Ini ndashandisa iyo Acer Predator yemitambo yekutamba mune ino dzidziso kuisa Ubuntu padivi Windows. Iyo dzidziso inofanirwa kushandira vamwe vagadziri vehardware uye kugoverwa kweLinux.

Ini ndinopa zano kuverenga kuburikidza nhanho dzese kutanga uye wobva wateedzera iyo dzidziso pane yako system.

Zvinotarisirwa

Hezvino zvinhu zvaunoda mune ino dzidziso:

  • Komputa inouya yakatangwa ne Windows 10 uye ine zvese SSD uye HDD.
  • Iyo USB kiyi (peni yekutyaira kana USB drive) yeinenge 4 GB muhukuru uye isina data pairi.
  • Indaneti kubatana (kurodha pasi Ubuntu ISO mufananidzo uye kurarama USB inogadzira chishandiso).
  • Inesarudzo: Kunze USB diski yekugadzira kumusoro kwedata rako.
  • Chiita sarudzo: Windows recovery disk (kana ukasangana nenyaya hombe dzebhutsu, inogona kugadziriswa).

Nhanho 1: Ita backup ye data rako

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Unogona kushandisa yekunze HDD (inononoka asi isingadhuri) kana SSD (nekukurumidza asi inodhura) uye kuteedzera akakosha mafaera nemaforodha ari pairi.

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Nhanho 2: Gadzira diski chikamu chekuisa Ubuntu

Mu Windows menyu, tsvaga diski uye enda ku 'Gadzira uye fomati hard disk partitions'.

disc manejimendi windows

Iwe uchaona zvese SSD neHDD pano. Iwe unofanirwa kudzora zvese SSD neHDD imwe neimwe uye gadzira imwe yemahara nzvimbo inozoshandiswa gare gare kuisa Ubuntu Linux.

Kurudyi tinya pane SSD uye sarudza Shrink Vhoriyamu sarudzo.

shrink vhoriyamu ye ubuntu kuisa ssd

Ichakupa iyo yakakura kwazvo diski chikamu chaunogona kugadzira pano. Usashandise zvese. Siya imwe nzvimbo yekuwedzera ye Windows. Ndaripa 30 GB inova inzvimbo yakanaka yediski yekuparadzanisa midzi. Chero chinhu chiri pakati pe20 ne40 GB isarudzo yakanaka.

shrink vhoriyamu ye ubuntu kuisa ssd 1

Dzokorora maitiro neiyo HDD futi. Ini ndakagadzira yakatenderedza 200 GB yemahara nzvimbo yeLinux. Iwe wakasununguka kusarudza kuti yakawanda sei nzvimbo yaunoda kugovera kuUbuntu.

Hezvino izvo zvinoita yekupedzisira disk mamiriro anotaridzika senge yangu system. 29.3 GB yemahara nzvimbo pane SSD uye 195.3 GB yemahara nzvimbo pane HDD.

shrink vhoriyamu ye ubuntu kuisa ssd 2

Nhanho 3: Download Ubuntu

Dhawunirodha Ubuntu Desktop

Enda kunewebsite yeUbuntu uye utore iyo ISO faira. Kana iwe uchida hova, iwe unogona kuiwana pasi peiyo 'imwe nzira yekuodha pasi'.

Dhawunirodha Ubuntu ISO Image

Nhanho 4: Gadzira bootable Ubuntu USB

Iwe unogona nyore nyore gadzira bootable Ubuntu USB mu Windows, Linux uye macOS. Sezvo tarisiro pano iri pa Windows, unogona kushandisa Windows chakanangana chishandiso saRufusi. Etcher zvakare chishandiso chakanaka mune izvi.

Dhawunirodha Rufus kubva kune yayo webhusaiti.

Dhawunirodha Rufus

Chivhariso muna USB wako. Ita shuwa kuti haina chero rakakosha dhata nekuti ichave yakarongedzwa.

Mhanya iyo Rufus chishandiso. Iyo inozviratidza yega yakaiswa mu USB asi wobva watarisisa zvakadaro. Wobva watarisa kune iko kunowanikwa pasi peiyo ISO mufananidzo uye uone kuti inoshandisa GPT partitioning scheme uye UEFI tarisiro system.

Gadzira Live Usb NaRufus

Rova bhatani rekutanga uye mirira kuti maitiro apedze. Paunenge uchinge uine iyo yakararama Ubuntu USB yakagadzirira, nhanho inotevera ndeyekubva pairi.

Nhanho 5: Bhoot kubva kuHupenyu huripo

Iwe unogona kusarudza kuwana marongero ebhuti kana system yatanga nekutsikirira F2 / F10 / F12 bhatani asi imwe nzira yakasimba iri kupfuura Windows.

Mu Windows menyu, tsvaga UEFI wobva wadzvanya pane 'Chinja sarudzo dzekutanga dzekutanga':

Kuwana Uefi Zvirongwa Windows

pasi Kutanga kutangira sarudzo, tinya pane Tangazve zvino bhatani.

Tsvaga Uefi Zvirongwa Windows

Pachirongwa chinotevera, tinya pane 'Shandisa chishandiso':

Tsvaga Uefi Zvirongwa Windows 1

Ziva iyo USB diski ine zita rayo uye saizi. It inogona zvakare kuratidzwa seEFI USB Chidimbu.

Tsvaga Uefi Zvirongwa Windows 2

Iye zvino ichaisa simba pane yako system uye otangazve mu diski yawakasarudza iyo inofanirwa kunge iri yekurarama USB disk. Iwe unofanirwa kuona skrini seichi:

Ubuntu Live Kuisa Screen

Nhanho 6: Kuisa Ubuntu Linux

Iye zvino zvawakabvarura kubva pane inorarama USB, unogona kutanga maitiro ekumisikidza. Matanho ekutanga mashoma ari nyore. Iwe unosarudza mutauro uye keyboard.

  • Isa Ubuntu 2
    Sarudza mutauro wako
  • Isa Ubuntu 3
    Sarudza bhatani rekodhi

Pachirongwa chinotevera, sarudza Kujairira kuisirwa. Hapana chikonzero chekutora zvidzoreso kana kuisa chechitatu-bato software izvozvi. Unogona kuzviita mushure mekumisikidza kumisikidza.

Kuisa Ubuntu mune mbiri bhutsu

Mushure meimwe nguva iwe uchaona iyo Mhando yekuisa chidzitiro. Pano, sarudza 'Chimwe chinhusarudzo:

Sarudza chimwe chinhu kumisikidza ubuntu

Iwe unofanirwa kuona iyo yemahara nzvimbo iwe yawakagadzira kare pane inotevera skrini. Sarudza iyo nzvimbo yemahara yakagadzirwa paSSD (unogona kufungidzira nehukuru hwayo kana pasina chimwe chinhu) wobva wadzvanya pa + chiratidzo kushandisa ino yemahara nzvimbo.

uchishandisa yemahara nzvimbo uchiisa ubuntu

Nokusingaperi, zvinotora iyo yese yemahara nzvimbo chinova chinhu chakanaka. Chengetedza iyo partition mhando yekutanga.

Izvo iwe zvaunoda kuti uchinje iri faira system mhando kune Ext4 uye mount point kune / (/ zvinoreva mudzi muLinux).

kugadzira midzi uchiisa ubuntu

Zvino, sarudza imwe yemahara nzvimbo pane iyo HDD uye tinya iyo + chiratidzo.

uchishandisa yemahara nzvimbo uchiisa ubuntu 1

Ino nguva sarudza Imba segomo poindi. Chikamu chinoramba chiri chekutanga uye faira mhando ext4.

kugadzira imba uchiisa ubuntu

Iwe haufanire kunetsekana nezve 'Chishandiso chebhuti kurodha kumisikidza'. Iwe une pre-yakaiswa Windows UEFI maitiro. Iwe unofanirwa kuve neEFI partitioning (ESP) yatove (kwandiri ndeye 100 MB kupatsanura nerudzi efi). Iyo Ubuntu installer yakangwara uye inogona kungozviona yega chikamu ichi woishandisa iyo Grub bootloader.

Ichi ndicho chirongwa chekupedzisira chekuparadzanisa sisitimu yangu. Kana zvese zvichitaridzika zvakanaka, rova ​​iyo Isai ikozvino bhatani.

dhisiki kupatsanura mbiri bhutsu mbiri disk

Zvinhu zvakanyatsojeka kubva pano. Sarudza nguva yenguva.

Kuisa Ubuntu Nguva Yenzvimbo Sarudzo

Isa zita rekushandisa, zita remakomputa, kureva hostname uye iri nyore kuyeuka password.

Kuisa Ubuntu Account Setup

Iye zvino mirira senge 7-8 maminetsi kuti kumisikidza kupedze.

Kuisa Ubuntu

Tangazve sisitimu kana kuiswa kwapera.

Tangazve Mushure mekuisa Ubuntu
Dzorerazve mushure mekugadzirwa kwapera

Iwe unozobvunzwa kubvisa iyo USB diski. Bvisa dhisiki uye pinda pinda.

Ubuntu Yakapedza Kuiswa
Bvisa USB uye pinda wopinda

Kana zvinhu zvikafamba mushe, iwe unofanirwa kuona iyo nhema kana yepepuru grub skrini ine sarudzo yekubhururuka muBuntu uye Windows.

Dual Boot chibvukuche Screen
Iwe unogona kusarudza iyo inoshanda sisitimu kubva kune grub skrini

Ndizvo. Iwe unogona ikozvino kunakidzwa zvese zviri zviviri Windows uye Linux pane imwecheteyo system neSSD uye HDD. Zvakanaka, handizvo here?

Ndinovimba iyi dzidziso yaibatsira kwauri. Kana iwe uchiri nemibvunzo kana kusangana nechero nyaya, ndiudze muchikamu chekutaura, uye ini ndichaedza kukubatsira kunze.

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