Maitiro ekugadzira bootable USB macOS simaki

Muchikamu chino isu tichamhanya nematanho anodiwa kuti tigadzire bootable simaki yeMac inoshanda sisitimu, kunyangwe iri kuitira kuti iwe ugone kuisa yazvino vhezheni yeiyo macOS pane akawanda Macs, isa iyo yazvino macOS beta, ita yakachena kuisa ye macOS, kana kungo gadzirira ne emergency emergency kana Mac yako ichisangana nematambudziko uye iwe usiri kuda kubatana neinternet kana muKudzorera mode (kana iwe haikwanise kuwana Yekudzosa maitiro).

Kana iwe uchida kutsvaga maitiro ekugadzira bootable yekuisa macOS Big Sur, Catalina, Mojave, kana yekare vhezheni yeMac OS X kana macOS, wauya kurudyi nzvimbo.

Iwe unogona zvakare kushandisa yako bootable simaki ku gadza macOS pane yakasarudzika vhoriyamu yeako hard drive (kana pachikamu kana uchimhanyisa vhezheni yechinyakare yeMac OS). Iyo zvakare isina-kunetsa nzira yeku dzokera kune yekare vhezheni ye macOS uye nesarudzo huru kana iwe ukawana kurodha pasi iyo yekumisikidza yakatora nguva yakareba uye haufarire kushandisa mazuva mashoma anotevera kurodha pasi kakawanda paMacs akawanda. Kamwe zvakwana zvakakwana!

Neraki, kugadzira bootable kuisirwa kweMac inoshanda sisitimu yakava nyore kwazvo apo Apple yakatanga OS X Mavericks kumashure muna 2013. Neshanduro iyoyo yeMac OS X, uye neshanduro dzese kubvira, zvave zvichikwanisika kushandisa iyo Terminal raira createinstallmedia kugadzira yekumisikidza bootable ye macOS, mune ino chinyorwa tichakuratidza kuti sei.

Kana uchida mhanyisa macOS pane yekunze dhiraivha, iyo yakati siyanei, tine chinyorwa chakaparadzana.

Isa macOS bootable

Izvo zvaunoda kugadzira bootable USB yeMac

Pane zvinhu zviviri zvakakosha zvaunoda kuti ugadzire bootable yekuisa drive: tsvimbo ye USB (kana yeThunderbolt dhiraivha) uye mafaera ekumisikidza. Paunenge uchinge uine izvo zviviri zvinhu maitiro acho haafanire kutora nguva yakareba.

Iyo 15GB Flash Drive (zvirinani!)

Isu tinokurudzira 15GB (kana zvimwe) dhiraivha - kutaura zvazviri zvimwe zvingave zvinokurudzirwa: iyo yekumisikidza yeBig Sur yaive 13GB (uye iyo chaiyo kuisirwa inotora inokwana 35.5GB yekuchengetedza, saka uchafanira kubvumira izvo pane yako Mac) .

Tinokurudzira Flash memory stick, pane yakajairwa dhiraivhi yakaoma, sezvo ichikurumidza. Iwe zvakare uchabatsirwa kubva kuUS 3, kana USB Rudzi C - ichi chingave chako chega sarudzo kana uine Mac nyowani. Kana iwe uine M1 Mac iwe unogona kuita zviri nani kuve nemutyairi weThunderbolt nekuti panga paine dzimwe nyaya nekushandisa madhiraivha e USB neM1 Mac.

Ongorora: Kana iwe uine data pane dhiraivha iwe yauri kuronga kushandisa iwe uchafanirwa kuiendesa kune imwe dhiraivha, kana kuwana imwe nyowani, sezvo ichave yakanyatso fomatiwa uye kudzimwa.

Iyo yekuisa mafaira

Tsvaga kuisa mafaera

Zvichienderana neshanduro ye macOS yauri kumhanya, uye iyo vhezheni yauri kuda kuisa, iwe ungangokwanisa kutora mafaira ekumisikidza kubva kuSoftware Kugadziridza muSystem Preferences, iyo Mac App Store, kana uchafanirwa kuitora kubva kumwe kunhu. .

Iyo Mac App Store ingangove iri nyore sarudzo, asi panogona kunge paine matambudziko zvichienderana neshanduro yei macOS muchina wako urikumhanya, uye kana iwe wanga uchitarisira kutora mafaira ekugadza ekare anogona kuve anonyengera - isu tine imwe nyaya inokurukura maitiro ekuwana shanduro dzekare dzeMacOS.

Izvo hazvitaure kuti iwe uchazoda internet yekubatanidza kurodha pasi software uye iwe ungaida iyo paunenge uchiisa iyo vhezheni ye macOS kana ichida kutarisa firmware kana kusimbisa yako iCloud zvitupa.

Maitiro ekuwana macOS yekumisikidza mafaera

Sezvatakambotaura kare, mawaniro aunoita mafaira ekumisikidza anoenderana neshanduro yemacOS yauri kumhanya parizvino uye iyo vhezheni yaunoda iyo yekumisikidza. Pazasi isu tichatarisa maitiro ekuwana Catalina installers pamwe nemaitiro ekuti tibudise vhezheni dzeMacOS kana kunyangwe Mac OS X. Tine chinyorwa chakatsaurwa nezve Maitiro ekurodha pasi yekare Mac OS X uye macOS shanduro.

Maitiro ekuwana Big Sur inosimudza

Kuti uwane iyo yekumisikidza ye macOS Big Sur tevera nhanho idzi:

  1. Kana iwe uchiri kutomhanyisa Big Sur pane Mac yako enda kuMac App Store - tinya kubatana uku kuenda akananga kune inoenderana peji.
  2. Dzvanya pa Get uye iwo ekuisa mafaira anotanga kurodha pasi.

Kana iwe uchimhanya Catalina saka unogona kuenda kuSystem Preferences uye sarudza Software Kugadziridza uye kurodha Big Sur ipapo (uchifunga kuti Mac yako inoenderana neBig Sur - verenga Mac yangu anogona kumhanya Big Sur?)

Dhawunirodha mafaira ekumisikidza, asi ita shuwa kuti unomira usati wadzvanya kuisa. Iwe unofanirwa kuteedzera iyi yekumisikidza faira usati waisa pane yako Mac kana iwe uchida kuve nekwaniso kwariri kuti ugadzire inosimudza mugadziri. Mirairo yeiyo pazasi.

Maitiro ekuwana Catalina simaki

Kana iri vhezheni yechinyakare yemacOS iwe yaunoda kumhanya - senge Catalina - unogona achiri kutora mafaira ekumisikidza kubva kuMac App Store:

  1. Vhura iyo Mac App Store.
  2. Enda kune iyo Catalina peji, iwe unogona baya izvi batanidzo kuCatalina pane Mac App Store.
  3. Zvino, kana iwe ukabaya Get, Mac yako ichapa kudhawunirodha vanoisa.

Isu tinotsanangura kuti tingawana sei ma installer e akasiyana mavhezheni eMacOS pano: Maitiro ekurodha pasi macOS ekare uye Mac OS X shanduro.

Zvekare, usabate kuisa sekuda kwaunoda faira rekumisikidza padanho rinotevera redzidziso iyi…

Maitiro ekuwana macOS beta installer

Kana iwe uchida kuyedza yazvino Big Sur beta (kana iyo macOS 12 beta pazvinenge zviripo) iwe unozofanirwa kusaina chirongwa che beta, ipapo uchazokwanisa kurodha pasi mafaera eisipo.

Tinotsanangura maitiro ekuwana nekuisa macOS beta pano. Isu takasanganisira iyo yekugadzirainstallmedia kodhi iwe yauchazoda kuisa iyo Big Sur beta kuburikidza ne USB pazasi.

Maitiro ekukura macOS ekuisa mafaira

Iine macOS Catalina, Mojave kana High Sierra yakamisikidza zvine hunyengeri kuwana mafaera ekumisikidza eshanduro dzekare dzeMacOS. Izvi zvinodaro nekuti High Sierra payakatangisa Apple kumira kumira kuita shanduro dzekare dzeOS kuwanikwa kurodha pasi kuburikidza neMac App Store.

Neraki izvo zvinogona kuitika, uye isu tinotsanangura maitiro ekuwana shanduro dzekare dzeMacOS pano. Kana yatove yakavhurika ita shuwa kuti unovhara Mac App Store usati wabaya pane ipi yeaya ma link kana kuti haashande.

Apple inopa dmg mafaera eaya ekare macOS vhezheni - iwe unofanirwa kuadzora muSafari. Mufananidzo we diski unonzi InstallOS.dmg unotora uye kana uchinge wafanirwa kutsvaga iyo pkg simaki mukati meiyo diski mufananidzo.

Maitiro ekuti uwane macOS akare kubva kuMac App Store

Kana usiri kutomhanya uchimhanya Big Sur, Catalina, Mojave kana High Sierra - kana iwe uine mukana kune Mac isiri kuvamhanyisa - unogona kutevedzera nhanho idzi kurodha pasi yekuisa mafaira eakare macOS:

  1. Vhura iyo Mac App Store pane yako Mac.
  2. Tarisa vhezheni ye macOS iwe yaunoda muchitoro (kana iwe wakambodhaunirodha vhezheni yekutsvaga pasi peTenga Rako rakatengwa).
  3. Dzvanya bhatani reDownload. Kana iwe watove waisa iyi vhezheni ye macOS, iwe uchaona meseji yambiro yekuti iyo vhezheni ye macOS yatove kuiswa pane ino komputa. Dzvanya kuRamba uchisimbisa kuti iwe uchiri kuda kurodha pasi izere mugadziri.MacOS download kubva kuMac App Store
  4. Mac yako ichatora mugadziri kuApplication folda yako. Maitiro aya anogona kutora nguva zvichienderana nespeed yekubatana kwako uye kuti urikushandisa waya isina waya. Zvakatitorera maminetsi gumi pamusoro peEthernet.
  5. Kana ikangoerekana yatanga mushure mekurodha, siya - haudi kutanga maitiro ekuiisa pane yako Mac nekuti kuita izvi kuchadzima ma installers - uye ndiwo masisitimendi aunoda. Kana ikavhura, vhara iyo inosimudza.
  6. Iwe unowana iwo ekumisikidza mafaira mune yako Applications dhairekitori, iyo iwe yaunogona kuwana kuburikidza neMutsvaga.

Maitiro ekugadzira bootable simaki ye macOS

Iye zvino wave nemafaira ekumisikidza, tinogona kuenda kunhanho yekugadzira bootable installer.

Tarira, iyo createinstallmedia nzira yakatsanangurwa pano haishande pasi peOS X 10.6 Snow Leopard kana pakutanga - inoda OS X 10.7 Shumba kana gare gare. Zvakare, maitiro acho akachinja zvishoma kubva paMaverick saka kana uchitarisa kuti ugadzire kumisikidza yeimwe 'Cat' shanduro dzeMac OS X iwe unofanirwa verenga ichi chinyorwa chekare pane kudaro.

Kubva Mavericks, kugadzira iyo bootable kuisirwa macOS inoda imwechete mutemo muTerminal. Iyo createinstallmedia yekuraira inoita kuti zvikwanise kugadzira iyo bootable kopi yeanosimudza pane chero dhiraivha yakabatana neMac yako.

Ziva kuti iyo yekugadzirainstallmedia raira inodzima chero chinhu pane yako yekunze dhisiki hazvo, saka ita shuwa kuti hapana chinhu pairi chaunoda.

Iyi ndiyo mirawo yekutevera kuti ugadzire yako bootable USB - ona kuti pachave nekugadziridzwa kudiki zvinoenderana neinoisa iwe yaunoda:

  1. Plug mune yekunze dhiraivha ine ingangoita 15GB nzvimbo sezvo iri iyo yakawanda sei iyo inosimisa inoda.
  2. Kutanga Disk Utility (tinya Command + spacebar uye tanga kunyora Disk Utility).
  3. Pamberi peiyi nhanho inotevera, cherekedza: kana iwe uchimhanyisa High Sierra kana gare gare iwe uchafanirwa kudzvanya paKutarisa kudonha pasi pazasi pekuvhara kudzikisa mabhatani. Sarudza Show All Devices kubva pane zvingasarudzwa. Iye zvino iwe uchaona yekunze midzi dhiraivha kuwedzera kune iro vhoriyamu pazasi payo.
  4. Sarudza iyo midzi yekutyaira mune yepadivi bar (iyo inotevera nhanho haishande kana iwe ukangosarudza vhoriyamu).
  5. Dzvanya paErase.
  6. Sarudza Mac OS Yakawedzerwa (Yakashumwa) seFomati.
  7. Sarudza GUID Chikamu cheMepu seChirongwa
  8. Dhiraivha yako ingangodaidzwa kuti 'Isina zita' nekukasira, iwe unogona kupa yako dhiraivha zita senge 'macOS' kana 'USB'. (Cherekedza iwe uchafanirwa kutsiva iro izwi 'MyVolume' mune iyo createinstallmedia raira pazasi nechero zita raunopa rako rekutyaira).
  9. Dzvanya paErase.
  10. Mirira apo Disk Uitlity inogadzira iyo partition uye inomisa iyo drive (izvi zvinogona kutora maminetsi mashoma).
  11. Wobva wadzvanya Done.
  12. Vhura Terminal (nzira iri nyore ndeyekutsikirira Command + spacebar wobva watanga typing Terminal. Zvikasadaro uchaiwana muUtility folda).
  13. Kopa iwo mavara anoenderana neshanduro ye macOS yauri kuisa muTerminal - iwe unowana iwo mavara mukati chikamu pazasi. Ita shuwa kuti iwe unoshandisa zita rawakapa yako dhiraivha - semuenzaniso shandura Isina zita kune MyVolume.
  14. Dzvanya Enter / Return.
  15. Terminal inokumbira password. Iri izita rako rekushandisa. Ziva kuti hausi kuzoona mavara achionekwa sezvaunenge uchinyora mukati, zvakanaka. Mushure mekunyora password yako, pinda Enter.
  16. Terminal inoyambira kuti yave kuda kudzima iyo drive (saka ita shuwa kuti pakanga pasina chero chinhu chakakosha pairi - hapafanire kunge paine iwe watozvimisa maererano nemirairo iri pamusoro) Kana iwe uchida kuenderera mberi dzvanya Y uye wozodzoka. Maitiro acho anogona kutora chinguva, uchaona “Erasing Disk: 0%… 10%… 20%… 30%… 100%…
    Gadzirainstallmedia
  17. Iye zvino Terminal ichapedza maminetsi mashoma kukopa iyo yekumisikidza faira kune yako dhiraivha. "Kuteedzera mafaira ekumisikidza kudisiki ... Kopa wakakwana" uye zvichingodaro zvichaonekwa muTerminal hwindo.
  18. Kana Terminal yapedza kuteedzera iyo yekumisikidza iwe uchaona iwo mazwi Kopa kuzere uye Kuitwa kuoneka.

Mashandisiro ekushandisa USB yekumisikidza kugadzirisa yako Mac

Iye zvino iwe une iyo yekumisikidza pane yekunze dhiraivha iwe yaunogona kushandisa iyo kuisa makopi e macOS pane akawanda maMac (sekureba sekunge ivo vachitsigirwa neshanduro iyoyo).

  1. Chivhariso chekunze dhiraivha kupinda Mac iyo iwe yaunoda kuisa iyo macOS pairi.
  2. Tanga iyo Mac. Kana iwe uine Intel-inofambisa Mac bata pasi iyo Sarudzo / Alt kiyi painenge ichikwenya kumusoro. Kana iri M1 Mac saka unongodzvanya wobatisisa switch kusvikira waona zvingasarudzwa.
  3. Mac yako inozopedzisira yaratidza Startup Manager, tinya pane yako yekunze dhiraivhu kuti usarudze iyo sekutanga diski. Mac yako ichatanga muKutora Mamiriro.
  4. Dzvanya Kuisa macOS uye wobva wadzvanya ku Enderera. Iyo vhezheni ye macOS inofanira kutanga kuisa pane yako Mac ikozvino. (Kana iwe uchida kuisa yakachena kuisa, kupukuta yako Mac kutanga, tevera rairo apa: Maitiro ekuita yakachena kuisa pane Mac.
  5. Pakupedzisira iyo Mac inofanira kutangazve. Mira apo iyo yekuvandudza ichiitika uye unakirwe neyako ichangobva kuvandudzwa sisitimu yekushandisa

Iwe unogona zvakare kumhanyisa iyo Mac inoshanda sisitimu yakanangana kubva kune yekunze dhiraivha pane yako yakavakirwa-mukati yekutanga diski, izvi zvinobatsira kana iwe uri kuyedza shanduro nyowani dzeMac OS. Maitiro acho akasiyana neayo akatsanangurwa pamusoro apa, uye isu tinoafukidza pano: Verenga pamusoro Maitiro ekumhanyisa macOS pane yekunze hard drive pano.

Ziva kuti shanduro dzekare dzeMacOS dzakashandisa "applicationpath" nepo nyowani isingaiti - kana iwe ukashandisa rairo iwe unowana kukanganisa (isu tine kodhi yemhando dzese dzeMacOS neMac OS X pazasi).

createinstallmedia mirairo

Iyo createinstallmedia yekuraira ichave yakati siyanei zvichienderana neshanduro yei macOS yauri kuda kushandisa.

Cherekedza MyVolume inogona kunge iine zita rakasiyana rako, semuenzaniso inogona kunge iri USB kana Isina Musoro. Tarisa muDisk Utilities, izita rekunze disk rauri kushandisa.

Big Sur beta

sudo / Zvishandiso / Isa macOS Big Sur Beta.app/Contents/Resource/createinstallmedia –volume / Volumes / MyVolume –nointeraction

Big Sur

sudo / Zvishandiso / Isa macOS Big Sur.app/Contents/Resource/createinstallmedia –volume / Vhoriyamu / MyVolume - / Zvishandiso / Isa macOS Big Sur.app

Catalina

sudo / Zvishandiso / Isa macOS Catalina.app/Contents/Resource/createinstallmedia –volume / Volumes / MyVolume

Mojave

sudo / Zvishandiso / Isa macOS Mojave.app/Contents/Resource/createinstallmedia –volume / Vhoriyamu / MyVolume

High Sierra

sudo / Zvishandiso / Isa macOS Yakakwira Sierra.app/Contents/Resource/createinstallmedia –volume / Vhoriyamu / MyVolume

Sierra

sudo / Applications / Isa macOS Sierra.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume / Volumes / MyVolume –applicationpath / Applications / Isa macOS Sierra.app

El Capitan

sudo / Zvishandiso / Isa OS X El Capitan.app/Contents/Resource/createinstallmedia –volume / Volumes / MyVolume –applicationpath / Applications / Isa OS X El Capitan.app

Yosemite

sudo / Zvishandiso / Isa OS X Yosemite.app/Contents/Resource/createinstallmedia –volume / Mavhoriyamu / MyVolume –applicationpath / Applications / Isa OS X Yosemite.app

Mavericks

sudo / Applications / Isa OS X Mavericks.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia –volume / Volumes / MyVolume –applicationpath / Applications / Isa OS X Mavericks.app

Ngwarira kuti isu takanzwa nezve vanhu vanoteedzera uye kunama mu - chete kuti vashandure kuenda ku - muTerminal, saka chenjera izvozvo.

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