Maitiro ekugadzirisa fekitori MacBook kana Mac - Intel uye M1

 

Kana iwe uri kutengesa yako MacBook kana Mac - kana kungozvipfuudza kushamwari kana mhuri - iwe unenge wakachenjera kupukuta iyo Mac uye kuidzosera kumagadzirirwo efekitori kutanga. Ichi chikamu kuitira kuti data rako rirambe rakachengeteka, asi zvakare richadzivirira chero nyaya pane imwe nguva inotevera inogona kuuya kana ukasabvisa iyo Mac kubva kune akasiyana masevhisi uye software iwe yaunogona kushandisa. Izvi zvinoreva zvakare kuti mushandisi mutsva anogona kutangazve iyo Mac sekunge yaive nyowani nyowani.

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Ingo rangarira kuti kana mumwe munhu achizoshandisa iyo Mac mushure mako, kubvisa ruzivo rwemunhu wega hakuna kukwana - iwe zvakare unofanirwa kuve nechokwadi chekuti pane shanduro inoshanda ye macOS yakaiswa mushure.

Chimwe chikonzero nei iwe ungangoda kupukuta yako Mac ndeyekuita yakachena kuisa ye macOS - inogona kuve nzira yakanaka yekugadzirisa nyaya neMac yako kana iri kutanga kuita zvisina kujairika. Kupukuta Mac inokanganisa kunokutendera kuti uimise seMac nyowani - inova netariro yekugadzirisa chero nyaya dzine chekuita nesoftware dzauinadzo.

Tevedzera gwara redu kuti uite zvinotevera:

  • Erase data rako rese kubva kuMac yako
  • Dzoserai Mac yako kune ayo fekitori marongero
  • Dzokorora macOS

Cherekedza vhidhiyo iri pamusoro inoratidza nzira pre-macOS Catalina. Kubva pakauya Catalina pane shanduko kune nzira yekupukuta Mac yako nekuda kwekuuya kweMacintosh HD-Data partition saka verenga kuti uwane nzira yekudzima kana kupukuta Mac yako muCatalina.

Pamusoro pezvo, kana iwe uine M1 Mac (senge 2020 Mac mini, Mbudzi 2020 MacBook Air, kana Mbudzi 2020 MacBook Pro), maitiro aunowana nawo Kudzoreredza pane yako Mac zvachinja. Isu tinotsanangudza maitiro ekuwana Kudzoreredza pane M1 Mac pazasi, asi zvakare mune ino chinyorwa: Maitiro ekuita zvese pane iyo M1 Mac.

Maitiro ekudzima MacBook kana Mac

Iwe unoziva iwe unofanirwa kudzima iyo Mac usati waipfuudza iyo, asi chaizvo ungabvisa sei zvese? Tichamhanya nenzira iyi.

Nhanho 1: Dzorera Mac yako

Kudzoreredza Mac kune fekitori magadzirirwo anobvisa rese data rakachengetwa pamushini iwoyo, saka tinokurudzira kuti iwe utange waita backup ye data.

Izvi zvinogona kuitwa zviri nyore kushandisa Apple Nguva Machine Machine - heino maitiro ekuchengetedza kumusoro uchishandisa Time Machine. Chinhu chakanakisa nezve kutsigira ne Time Machine ndechekuti chinyatsoita nyore fambisa data rako kune Mac nyowani shure kwaizvozvo.

haudi kushandisa Time Machine ipapo unogona kugadzira dhivhaidhi yedrive dhiraivhi rese uchishandisa chirongwa senge Carbon Copy Cloner or Superduper (ese ari maviri anowanikwa semahara kuyedza).

Iri rakagadzirwa dhiraivha rinogona kudzoreredzwa kumashure kune main drive kana iwe ukafunga kudzoreredza Mac yako, kana inogona kushandiswa kuwana mafaera ese epakutanga kubva pakombuta yako mushure mekunge wapukuta zvemukati dhiraidhi.

Nhanho 2: Deauthorise maakaundi

Nhanho inotevera ndeyekudzima iyo Mac kubva kune chero masevhisi iwe aunosangana nawo.

Iwe uchazoda kusaina kunze kwezvinhu zvakaita seTunes, iCloud, mameseji, uye Tsvaga Yangu.

Semuenzaniso, mune yeMusic app (kana iTunes mune shanduro dzekare dzeMacOS) unozofanirwa kubvisa mvumo kuTunes Store account uye kubuda. Izvi zvakakosha nekuti iwe unogona chete kushandisa anosvika mashanu maMac kutamba mimhanzi uye mafirimu akavharirwa kune yako iTunes / Music account. Maitiro ekusarega mvumo kumimhanzi yako masevhisi anosiyana zvichienderana neshanduro yauinayo.

Nhanho 3: Sanganisa maBluetooth zvishandiso

Izvi zvinonyanya kukosha kana iwe uri kupfuudza Mac yako kune mumwe munhu mumba mako kana muhofisi sechero chinhu cheBluetooth chingave chakambotenderedzwa neMac yako ekare chinogona kubatanidza kune chekare zvekare - izvo zvinogona kunetsa kana iwe uchida kuishandisa Mac yako nyowani.

Nhanho 4: Dzorerazve NVRAM

Imwe nzira yekuve nechokwadi chechokwadi chekuti hapana ako ega marongero anoramba ari paMac ndeyekugadzirisa iyo NVRAM.

Iyo NVRAM idiki diki yekurangarira iyo yako Mac inoshandisa kuchengetedza mamwe marongero. Kumisazve ichajekesa marongero ako emushandisi uye kudzorera chero chengetedzo maficha iwe aungangodaro wakagadzirisa.

Heano maitiro ekusetazve iyo NVRAM:

  1. Bata pasi Sarudzo, Raira, P uye R.
  2. Mira masekondi makumi maviri uye buritsa makiyi.

Tarira, haugone kumisazve iyo NVRAM pane M1 Mac nenzira imwecheteyo. Unogona kuchinja marongero asi haugone kuimisazve. Nekudaro, iwe ungangodaro usingade nekuti zvinoita kunge inyaya yekuti M1 Chip inoedza iyo NVRAM kana komputa yatanga kubva kumisheni (kureva kwete mushure mekujairwazve). Kana paine chakakanganisika nendangariro chinozadzikiswazve

Isu tinotsanangura nzira yekumisazve NVRAM mune ino chinyorwa: Maitiro ekusetazve NVRAM pane M1 kana Intel Mac

Nhanho 5: Tangazve Mac yako muKudzorera

Iye zvino watsigira zvese kumusoro, kusabvumidza maaccount ako uye asina kuunganidzwa zvishandiso, wagadzirira kutanga kudzima zvese zviri paMac. Kuti uite kudaro unofanirwa kupinda muRefodhi mode. Izvi zvinokugonesa kudzima Mac.

Ongorora: Maitiro aunowana nawo Kudzoreredza pane M1 Mac akasiyana nemaitiro pane yekare Intel-inofambiswa Mac. Tichakurukura zvese.

Kupinda Kudzorera pane Intel Mac

  1. Dzvanya logo yeApple kumusoro kuruboshwe kwechiratidziro uye sarudza Tangazve.
  2. Pakarepo bata pasi iyo Command uye R makiyi kusvika iwe waona Apple logo kana kutenderera pasi. (Unogona kuve zvirinani kushandisa imwe yakasanganiswa kiyi zvichienderana nezera reMac yako, uye ndeapi macOS aunoda kuiswa kana akaiswa paMac pawakatenga - isu tine gwara rakazara rekutanga Mac muKudzorera Mode pano). Semuenzaniso, Apple inokurudzira kuti “kana uri kutengesa kana kupa Mac iri kushandisa OS X El Capitan kana pakutanga, shandisa Option-Command-R kuti uone kuti kumisikidzwa hakuenderane neApple ID yako”.
  3. Tarisira kuti itore nguva kuti Mac itange mune iyi modhi.
  4. Unogona kuona sikirini ichikukumbira kuti usarudze mutauro.
  5. Iyo inotevera skrini yauchaona ndiyo Recovery Mode Utilities hwindo. Sezvo macOS Sierra uye gare gare inotaridzika seizvi:

Maitiro ekugadzirisa fekitori Mac: Recovery Mode Utilities

Kana iwe uine matambudziko nekuti Command + R haisi kuita hunyengeri, verenga izvi: Maitiro ekudzosera macOS kana Kudzoreredza kusashanda.

Kupinda Kudzoreredza pane M1 Mac

Maitiro acho akasiyana zvishoma paMac iyo inoratidzira Apple Silicon - Apple's processors, chizvarwa chekutanga chinonzi M1 Chips.

Panzvimbo pekudzvanya Command uye R mabhatani paunotangazve Mac yako uchafanirwa kuita zvinotevera:

  1. Dzima komputa nekudzvanya pane apple logo uye kusarudza Shut Down ...
  2. Zvino dzvanya uye ubate bhatani remagetsi kuti uvhure Mac zvakare. Ramba wakabata bhatani remagetsi!
  3. Nekudaro, kana iyo Apple logo yaoneka iwe uchaona zvakare mameseji achikuzivisa iwe kuti kana ukaramba wakabata iwe unokwanisa kuwana yekutanga sarudzo.
  4. Ramba wakabata bhatani pasi (zvichida kwemamwe masekonzi mashanu) uye zvinyorwa zvinofanirwa kuchinjika ku Loading Startup Options.
  5. Pakupedzisira uchakwanisa kusarudza Sarudzo> Ramba.
  6. Izvi zvichavhura Recovery.

Mushure meiyi nhanho maitiro anofanira kunge akafanana neasati asvika M1 Macs.

Nhanho 6: Dzima uye gadzirisa Mac yako

Iye zvino, pakupedzisira, unogona kudzima Mac yako.

Zvekare, iwo mirairo yakati siyanei zvichienderana neshanduro yeMacOS yauri kushandisa.

Isu tichamhanya kuburikidza neiyo nzira muBig Sur, ipapo Catalina, tisati taenda kuMojave uye yapfuura shanduro dzemacOS pazasi izvo.

Maitiro ekudzima Mac yako muBig Sur pane Intel Mac

  1. Iye zvino zvauri muKudzoreredza, sekuenderana nemirairo iri pamusoro, iwe unofanirwa kusarudza Disk Utility kubva pane iyo rondedzero.
  2. Kamwe muDisk Utility sarudza Macintosh HD (kana chero chawadaidza yako 'hard drive').
  3. Kune akasiyana sarudzo kumusoro: tinya pa Erase.
  4. Iwe unofanirwa kuona zita rekutyaira kwako uye iyo fomati inofanira kunge iri APFS. Pazasi iwe unofanirwa kuona sarudzo yekudzima Vhoriyamu Boka (izvi zvinoita kuti ubvise ese Macintosh HD uye Macintosh HD Dhata.)
  5. Paunenge wadzima iyo Macintosh HD iwe unogona kubva wadzvanya pane chero mamwe madhiraivha uye mavhoriyamu uye tinya iyo - kudzima vhoriyamu.

Kuti uve nechokwadi chekudzima zvese zvauchazoda kusarudza Erase Vhoriyamu Boka, kana usingaone iyi sarudzo edza mirairo iri pazasi.

Maitiro ekudzima Mac yako muCatalina

Apple payakaunza macOS Catalina muna 2019 yakawedzera vhoriyamu nyowani yekuverenga chete kunogara sisitimu yekushandisa. Vhoriyamu iyi ndeye Macintosh HD (yako inogona kunge iine zita rakasiyana). Padivi payo iwe zvakare uchave neMacintosh HD - Dhata vhoriyamu. Apa ndipo panogara data rako.

Chikonzero Apple yakaparadzanisa mavhoriyamu maviri muCatalina ndeyekuona kuti yakakosha sisitimu data haigone kunyorwa. Nekuda kweiyi vhoriyamu yekuwedzera maitiro acho akasiyana zvishoma nemabatiro aanoita pane yakura Mac.

  1. Sematanho ari pamusoro tanga Mac yako muKudzoreredza.
  2. Kana Kudzoreredza kwatanga sarudza Disk Utility.
  3. Iwe unofanirwa kuona madhisiki maviri - Macintosh HD uye Macintosh HD - data (inoratidzwa pazasi - ndine hurombo nezvemhando yemufananidzo!) Iyi data drive ndiyo inochengeterwa data rako zvakasiyana kune yekumisikidza macOS. (Zvinogoneka kuti drive yako inodaidzwa chimwe chinhu, senge Home HD semuenzaniso).Macintosh HD Data
  4. Dzvanya pane iyi Macintosh HD - Data drive kuti usarudze.
  5. Kungodzvanya pane - bhatani kana enda kumenyu uye sarudza Rongedza> Delete APFS vhoriyamu.
  6. Iwe uchaona meseji yambiro iwe kuti izvi zvichadzima zvachose data rako. Dzvanya pakanzi Delete.
  7. Mirira vhoriyamu ichidzimwa.Delete Macintosh HD Data
  8. Iye zvino unofanirwa kudzokera kuDisk Utility kuti ubvise Macintosh HD. Iwe unofanirwa kuita matanho ese ari maviri sezvo usingazongokwanisa kudzorera macOS pamusoro pemacOS. Uye iwe unozofanirwa kudzorera iyo macOS kuitira kudzoreredza iyo Macintosh HD-Data vhoriyamu. Dzvanya paMacintosh HD kuti usarudze.
  9. Tinokurudzira kuti udzvanye Unmount. Pakutanga patakaedza kudzima Macintosh HD takaona meseji yemhosho yaiti: Kudzima maitiro kwatadza nekuti vhoriyamu Macintosh HD pa diski 2s5 haina kukwanisa kudzikiswa nekuti iri kushandiswa ne process 793 (kextcache). Kusakwidza kwakatanga kugadzirisa dambudziko iri.
  10. NeMacintosh HD ichiri yakasarudzwa tinya pa Erase.Dzima Macintosh HD
  11. Isa zita raunoda kupa dhiraivha kana wangorigadzirisazve, senge Macintosh HD.
  12. Sarudza chimiro. Iyi ichava APFS kana uri kushandisa Catalina - maOS ekare anogona kunge aine sarudzo yeMac OS Yakawedzerwa (Journaled).
  13. Dzvanya Erase uye isa yako Apple ID kana zvichidikanwa. Mira.
  14. Zvino siya Disk Utility kuti udzokere kuMacOS Utilities skrini.

Maitiro ekudzima Mac yako muMojave kana pakutanga

Maitiro ekudzima nekugadzirisa Mac yako ari kushoma zvishoma muMacOS Mojave kana kumberi sezvo pasina yechipiri Dhata vhoriyamu yekudzima kutanga.

Sezviri pamusoro, tanga muKudzoreredza.

  1. Sarudza Disk Utility kubva pane zvasarudzo, uye tinya Ramba.
  2. Dzvanya pane yako huru hard drive, inowanzodaidzwa kuti Macintosh HD, mudivi rekuruboshwe. Uri kutsvaga zita redhisiki, kwete iro zita revhoriyamu rakaiswa pasi paro kana richioneka.Maitiro ekugadzirisa fekitori Mac: Disk Utility
  3. Kupukuta hard drive yako, tinya bhatani Erase, wobva wadzvanya Erase. Ziva kuti izvi zvinodzima zvachose data rese pane hard drive saka usaite izvi kunze kwekunge wagadzira dhiraivha kana kufara kusambowana chero chinhu pane iyo drive zvakare.Maitiro ekugadzirisa fekitori Mac: Kudzima iyo hard drive
  4. Kana yapera, buda muchirongwa nekuenda kumenyu yepamusoro uye wosarudza Disk Utility> Rega Disk Utility.

Maitiro ekuisazve macOS

Nhanho inotevera inosanganisira kudzoreredza macOS. Tichakurukura kuti tingazviita sei muchikamu chiri pasi apa.

Nhanho 7: Isazve macOS

Iwe haugone kungotengesa Mac yako wadzima zviri mukati - kana ukaita mushandisi mutsva achasangana nemubvunzo unopenya pavanotanga Mac nekuti panenge pasina sisitimu yekushandisa yakaiswa. Iwe unofanirwa kudzorera macOS usati waitengesa.

Neimwe nzira, kana uri kuronga kuenderera mberi nekushandisa Mac uye uchingoda kuita yakachena yekuisa iwe unozoda kuisa vhezheni yeMacOS.

Iwe unofanirwa kunge uchiri mune macOS Utilities.

  1. Sarudza Reinstall macOS kubva Zvishandiso uye tevera mirairo inoita senge yekudzosera macOS.
  2. Mac yako ichatanga kudhawunirodha nekuisa iyo yakambo vhezheni yeMacOS yako Mac yanga ichimhanya - neimwe nzira, kana uchida isa yekare vhezheni yeMacOS isu tine rumwe ruzivo pazasi.
  3. Pakupedzisira mushure menguva refu-yakambomboita 49 mins kana kuti Mac yako ichatangazve. Asi kumirira hakuna kupera. Izvo zvicharamba zvichitora nguva shoma iwe uchitanga uye uchiona iyo chena bar. Yedu yakati maminetsi gumi nerimwe asara panguva iyoyo, asi zvakatora nguva yakareba kupfuura iyoyo. Ingosiya Mac yako kuti uenderere mberi nayo uye worega chero nguva yasara zviratidzo.
  4. Pakupedzisira iwe uchaona iyo Welcome screen. Kana iwe uri kutengesa kana kupfuudza paMac yako unogona kuisiya panguva ino nekuti mushandisi mutsva anozoda kuisa yavo ruzivo. Kana iwe uchida kuramba uchishandisa Mac wobva watevera matanho ekuimisa.

Maitiro ekuisa iyo yekare vhezheni kana kudzikisa macOS

Iyo nzira iri pamusoro ichashanda kana iwe uchida kuisa yazvino vhezheni yeMacOS yakaiswa paMac. Izvo hazvizokukwidziridze kune yazvino verison kana usiri kutoimhanyisa.

Pane dzimwe sarudzo kana iwe uchida kuisa imwe vhezheni yeMacOS.

Panzvimbo pekudzvanya Command + R pakutanga kumusoro unogona kudzvanya Shift + Option/Alt + Command R (kana urikumhanyisa Sierra 10.12.4 yeinotevera) kuisa iyo vhezheni yeMacOS yakauya neMac yako, kana iyo iri padyo nayo. izvo zvichiri kuwanikwa. (Command + R haishande paM1 Mac).

Neimwe nzira iwe unogona kugadzira bootable drive ine vhezheni yeMacOS yaunoda kumhanya nekuiisa paMac yako uchishandisa iyo. Verenga kuti ungazviita sei pano: Maitiro ekugadzira bootable macOS simira pane yekunze drive.

Kana iwe uchida kuisa yekare vhezheni yeMac inoshanda system uye uri kunetseka kuti ungaita sei izvozvo kana usina madhisiki ekutanga, verenga izvi: Maitiro ekuisa mavhezheni ekare eMacOS kana Mac OS X.

Tine chimwe chinyorwa chinoenda mune zvakadzama pamusoro maitiro ekuisa yekare vhezheni yeMacOS uchishandisa Recovery mode.

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