Maitiro Ekuita Nyore Kuisa Debian Linux

Kuisa Debian kunogona kuve nyore kana kuomarara zvichienderana neiyo ISO yaunosarudza.

Kana iwe ukaenda neiyo default ISO yakapihwa neDebian webhusaiti, iwe uchave nenguva yakaoma kuisa Debian. Iwe unenge wakanamatira pachiratidziro chinokumbira vatyairi venetiweki kuti vaiswe kubva kune vekunze vanobvisa midhiya.

debian firmware
Kuisa Debian kubva default ISO kunonetsa kune vashandisi vatsva

Unogona, chokwadika, kuzvinetsa izvo, asi zvinoita kuti zvinhu zviome zvisina basa.

Usazvidya moyo. Rega ndiratidze nhanho dzekuisa Debian zvakanaka uye nyore.

Iyo nzira iri nyore yekuisa Debian sedesktop

Usati waona matanho, ndapota tarisa zvinhu zvaunoda.

  • Iyo USB kiyi (pen drive) ine ingangoita 4 GB muhukuru.
  • Iyo sisitimu ine internet yekubatanidza (inogona kunge yakafanana sisitimu iyo ichaiswa).
  • Iyo sisitimu kwauchange uchiisa Debian. Ichabvisa zvese pane ino system saka ndokumbira utorere rako rakakosha dhata pane imwe yekunze disk.

Ndeupi rudzi rwehurongwa hwesisitimu iwe yaunofanirwa kuve nayo kune Debian? Zvinoenderana ne desktop environment uri kuzoshandisa. Semuenzaniso, GNOME desktop nharaunda inogona kushanda pa4 GB RAM asi ichashanda zvirinani pane 8 GB RAM. Kana uine 4 GB kana zvishoma, edza kushandisa KDE, Cinnamon kana Xfce desktops.

Debian zvakare ane zvese zviri zviviri 32-bit uye 64-bit kuvaka tsigiro. Iwe uchafanirwa kutora iyo Debian ISO zvinoenderana neyako processor mapurani.

Yako system inofanirwa kuve neinenge 25 GB yediski nzvimbo kuti ishande. Kunyanya, kubatanidzwa.

Yambiro!

Iyi nzira inobvisa mamwe ese masisitimu anoshanda pamwe ne data iripo pa diski.

Unogona kuchengetedza yako mafaera, zvinyorwa, mifananidzo etc pane yekumusoro USB disk kana gore rekuchengetera kana iwe uchida kurishandisa gare gare.

Muchidzidzo ichi, ndiri kuenda kunoratidza nhanho dzekuisa Debian 11 Bullseye neGNOME desktop nharaunda. Matanho acho anofanira kuve akafanana kunyangwe iwe ukasarudza imwe nharaunda yedesktop.

Iyi dzidziso inoedzwa pane yeEFI system ine GPT yekuparadzanisa. Kana iwe uine MBR panzvimbo peGPT or Nhaka BIOS panzvimbo yeEFI, iyo yekurarama USB yekugadzira nhanho ichave yakasiyana.

Nhanho 1: Kuwana chaiyo Debian ISO

Hafu yehondo pakuisa Debian iri kusarudza iyo chaiyo ISO. Zvinotoshamisa kuti zvakaoma chaizvo kufamba kuburikidza newebhusaiti uye uwane kuti ISO inova iri nyore kune mushandisi mutsva weDebian.

Ukabaya bhatani reDownload pane iyo peji rewebhu reDebian webhusaiti, inotora padiki mambure yekumisikidza faira inozove yakanyanya kuomesa kune wenguva dzose mushandisi. Ndokumbirawo USASHANDISE izvi.

Pane kudaro, iwe unofanirwa kuenda kune inorarama ISO. Asi heino kubata, kune akasiyana mararama vhezheni neisina-yemahara software (inosanganisira madhiraivha enetiweki yako Hardware).

Iwe unofanirwa kurodha iyi isina yemahara inorarama ISO. Rimwe dambudziko apa nderekuti iwe hautore kuti ritaurwe zvakanyanya pawebhusaiti uye pane akasiyana ma URLs etifuru kana akananga kurodha pasi kweakasiyana mapurani.

Rega ndivabatanidze pano.

Main repo ye32 uye 64 zvishoma

Debian 11 Yakananga

Debian 11 Torrent

Iwe uchaona akati wandei mafaera ane iyo desktop desktop zvakataurwa muzita refaira. Sarudza iyo ine desktop desktop yaunosarudza. Kuti utore kurodha pasi, tinya pane zvinongedzo zvinopera ne .iso.

kurodha pasi debian mhenyu isina yemahara iso
Kudhanilodha iyo Debian Live Isina-yemahara ISO

Paunenge uchinge wave neiyo yakakodzera ISO kurodha pasi, iyo yakasara ndiyo yakajairwa maitiro iwe yaungangodaro wakasangana nawo pamwe neLinux kugoverwa.

Nhanho 2: Kugadzira mhenyu USB yeDebian

Chivhariso ari USB kupinda maitiro ako. Zvichava zvine hungwaru kuimisa chete nekuda kwayo. Ichave yakarongedzwa zvakadaro.

Iwe unogona kushandisa chero inorarama yekugadzira USB turu yesarudzo yako. Kana iwe uri kushandisa Windows, enda naRufusi. Ndiri kuzoshandisa Etcher pano nekuti inowanikwa zvese zviri zviviri Windows uye Linux.

Dhawunirodha Etcher kubva kune yayo webhusaiti.

Dhawunirodha Etcher

Ndine chakatsaurirwa dzidziso pakushandisa Etcher muLinux uye nekudaro handisi kuzoenda zvakadzama pano. Ingomhanya iyo faira rinogoneswa rinogoneka, bhurawuza kuDebian ISO, ita shuwa kuti USB chaiyo inosarudzwa wobva warova bhatani reFlash.

Kugadzira Live Debian USB neEtcher
Kugadzira Live Debian USB neEtcher

Zvinogona kutora maminetsi mashoma kugadzira iyo mhenyu USB. Kana izvo zvave kugadzirira, inguva yekutangisa kubva pairi.

Nhanho 3: Bhoot kubva kuHupenyu huripo

Tangazve sisitimu kwaunoda kuisa Debian. Kana ichinge ichiratidza logo yemugadziri, tinya F2 / F10 kana F12 kiyi yekuwana iwo marongero ebhutsu. Iwe unogona zvakare tsvaga iyo UEFI firmware marongero kubva Windows.

Mamwe masisitimu haatenderi kubhowa kubva ku USB mhenyu kana bhuti rakachengeteka rikabvumidzwa. Kana zvirizvo, ndapota dzora bhuti rakachengeteka kubva kuUSI marongero.

Icho skrini inogona kutaridzika zvakasiyana kune akasiyana vagadziri.

kuremadza yakachengeteka bhutsu sarudzo muEFI

Paunenge iwe waita shanduko, tinya F10 kuchengetedza uye kubuda. Sisitimu yako ichatanga zvakare.

Zvekare, pinda F2 / F10 kana F12 kuti uwane marongero ebhutsu kana ichiratidza logo yemugadziri. Iwe unofanirwa kuona sarudzo yekutangisa kubva kuUSB. Sarudza iyo.

bhuti kubva windows dhisiki ventoy

Zvinotora chinguva chidiki uye ipapo unofanirwa kuona chidzitiro chakadai. Enda neyokutanga sarudzo pano.

debian inorarama bhuti skrini
Debian mhenyu bhuti screen

Nhanho 4: Tanga kuisirwa Debian

Paunopinda muhupenyu hweDebian chikamu, zvinogona kuratidza imwe yekugashira skrini ine sarudzo yekusarudza yako keyboard uye mutauro kana uri kushandisa GNOME desktop. Ingo rova ​​unotevera paunoona iwo masikirini.

debian rarama unogamuchira skrini
Debian mhenyu unogamuchira skrini

Paunenge wapfuura iyo yekugamuchira skrini, pinda iyo Windows/ Super kiyi kuunza nzvimbo yechiitiko. Iwe unofanirwa kuona iyo Debian yekuisa bhatani pano.

tanga kuisirwa debian
Tanga Debian Kuisirwa

Ino vhura hushamwari Inochengetedza graphical installer. Zvinhu zvakanyatsojeka kubva pano.

kuisa debian 1
Debian 11 Inochengetedza graphical installer

Inokumbira iwe kuti usarudze nzvimbo yako yenzvimbo nenzvimbo yenguva.

Sarudza nguva yenguva uye nzvimbo panguva yekuisirwa kwaDebian
Sarudza nzvimbo yako uye nguva yenguva

Pane rinotevera sikirini, iwe unozobvunzwa kusarudza iyo keyboard. Ndapota Teerera pano. Yako keyboard inosarudzwa otomatiki zvichienderana nenzvimbo yako. Semuenzaniso, ini ndanga ndashandisa India senzvimbo yangu uye yaibva yagadzirisa default Indian keyboard nemutauro wechiHindi. Ini ndaifanira kuchinjira kuChirungu India.

Sarudza dhizaini yekhibhodi uchiisa Debian
Kusarudza dhizaini yekhibhodi

Chidzitiro chinotevera chiri pamusoro pekuparadzanisa diski uye kwaungade kuisa Debian. Muchiitiko ichi, iwe uchazoisa Debian seye chete inoshanda sisitimu pakombuta yako.

Iyo yakapusa sarudzo yaizoenda ne 'Erase disk' sarudzo. Debian ichaisa zvese pasi pemidzi kunze kwekumanikidza ESP partition uye chinja nzvimbo. Muchokwadi, inoratidza izvo dhisiki rako raizoda mushure mekasarudzo yako yekumisikidza.

Disk kupatsanura uchiisa Debian
Disk partitioning

Kana iwe uchida kutora nyaya mumaoko ako, unogona zvakare kusarudza yekuparadzanisa manyore uye sarudza kuti yakawanda sei yaunoda kugovera kumidzi, imba, bhutsu kana kuchinjanisa. Chete ita izvozvo kana iwe uchiziva zvauri kuita.

Pachirongwa chinotevera, unofanirwa kupa zita rekushandisa uye password. Iyo haina kumisikidza mudzi password uye inoichengeta isina chinhu.

Gadza zita rekushandisa nephasiwedi paunenge uchiisa Debian
Set Username uye pasiwedhi

Izvi zvinoreva zvakare kuti unogona kushandisa Sudo nemushandisi achangobva kugadzirwa. Mune iyo 'yakaoma Debian kuisa', iwe unogona zvakare kumisikidza mudzi password asi ipapo uchafanirwa kuwedzera yakajairika mushandisi kune sudoer runyorwa pamurume. Maona, iyi nzira yekumisikidza iri nyore kune vanotanga, handiti?

Isati yaenderera mberi nekumisikidzwa chaiko, inokupa iwe nepfupiso yesarudzo dzawakaita. Kana zvinhu zvichitaridzika zvakanaka, rova ​​bhatani rekuisa.

Debian yekuisa pfupiso
Pfupiso yesarudzo dzako dzekuisa

Iye zvino ingori nyaya yekumirira kuiswa kuti kupedze.

Kuisa Debian
Kuisa Debian

Zvinotora maminetsi mashoma kupedzisa kuisirwa. Kana kuiswa kwapera, inokumbira kutanga patsva.

Yapedza kuisirwa Debian
Yapedza kuisirwa Debian

Tangazve system yako uye kana zvese zvikafamba mushe, iwe unofanirwa kuona iyo grub skrini neDebian.

debian bhuti screen
Debian bhuti screen

Dambudziko rekugadzirisa (kana yako system ikasapinda muDebian)

Mune yangu kesi, yangu Dell system haina kuziva chero anoshanda system kubhutsu. Izvi zvaishamisa nekuti ini ndaive ndaona Debian ichigadzira chikamu cheESPN.

Kana iri imwe nyaya newe, enda kumisangano yeBIOS. Tarisa uone kuteedzana kwebhutsu. Kana iwe usingaone chero chinhu, tinya pane Wedzera bhatani sarudzo.

wedzera nyowani bhutsu sarudzo
Wedzera nyowani bhutsu sarudzo

Iyo inofanira kukupa iwe sarudzo yekuwedzera iyo EFI faira.

wedzera efi faira rebhoti sarudzo
Bhurawuza kune EFi faira

Sezvo Debian yakagadzira chikamu cheESP panguva yekumisikidza, pane EFI dhairekitori yakagadzirwa nemafaira anodikanwa.

sarudza efi faira bhuti sarudzo
Sarudza EFI dhairekitori

Inofanira kuratidza folda yeDebian pamwe nemamwe maforodha. Sarudza Debian folda.

sarudza debian dhairekodhi yeefi
Sarudza Debian

Mune ino folda yeDebian, iwe unowana mafaera senge grubx64.efi, shimx64.efi. Sarudza shimx64.efi.

sarudza shim boot
Sarudza shim.efi

Iwe unogona kupa iyi faira zita rakakodzera. Chidzitiro chekupedzisira chinogona kutaridzika seichi.

nyowani bhoti sarudzo
Kuwedzera iyo nyowani bhutsu sarudzo neefi faira

Zvino, iwe unofanirwa kuve neiyi bhutsu sarudzo. Sezvo ini ndakaitumidza zita rekuti Debian, inoratidza maviri maDebian bhatani sarudzo (imwe yacho ichibva ku efi faira ini ndinofungidzira). Dhinda F10 kuti uchengetedze uye ubudise marongero eBIOS.

nyowani bhoti sarudzo yakawedzerwa
Nyowani bhutsu sarudzo yakawedzerwa

Kana yako system bhutsu izvozvi, iwe unofanirwa kuona iyo grub skrini ine Debian boot sarudzo. Unogona kutanga kunakirwa naDebian izvozvi.

Debian bhuti screen

Wakakwanisa here kuisa Debian?

Ndinovimba ndakaita kuti zvinhu zvive nyore pano. Izvo hazvisi zvekuti haugone kuisa Debian kubva kune yakasarudzika net inosimudza ISO. Izvo zvinongotora (yakawanda) yakawanda kuedza.

Chidzidzo ichi chakakubatsira here mukuisa Debian? Iwe uchiri kutarisana nenyaya here? Ndokumbira undizivise muchikamu chekutaura uye ndichaedza kukubatsira kunze.

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