How yokugadza Windows Mushure meUbuntu Linux muDual Boot

Kana zvasvika kune mbiri bhutsu, iyo yakajairika pfungwa ndeyekuti iwe une system yakatangwa kare nayo Windows uyezve iwe gadza Linux padivi Windows. Pane bhuti, iwe unosarudza kana iwe uchida kushandisa Windows kana Linux.

Zvakadini nemamiriro ezvinhu akasiyana? Ko kana iwe uine system iyo iine chete Linux yakaiswa pairi uye iwe unoda kuisa Windows padivi peLinux mune mbiri boot mode?

Muchidzidzo ichi, ini ndinokuratidza chaizvo maitiro aungaisa Windows mushure meUbuntu Linux mune mbiri bhuti.

Dual booting Windows pane iripo Ubuntu Linux system

install windows mushure me ubuntu

Ndakaedza iyi dzidziso pane yeUbuntu system neEFI uye GPT yekuparadzanisa scheme. Mune dzidziso, iwo matanho akafanana anofanirwa kushanda kune akawanda maLinux kugoverwa, kana asiri ese.

zvinodiwa

Hezvino zvese zvinhu zvaunoda kuti uite maitiro acho zvakachengeteka uye nyore.

  • Bhuti Windows 10 USB tsvimbo (USB kiyi, Pen Dhiraivha) yeinenge 8 GB saizi
  • Yekurarama Ubuntu USB tsvimbo (USB kiyi, Pen Dhiraivha) yeinenge 4 GB muhukuru
  • Komputa ine UEFI bhuti uye chete Ubuntu Linux yakaiswa pairi
  • Indaneti inodiwa pakugadzira bootable Windows uye urarame Linux disk
  • Nzira yekutsigira yako yakakosha dhata pane yekunze dhisiki (sarudzo asi inokurudzirwa)

Iwe unogona zvakare manejimendi iyi dzidziso neiyi chete USB kiyi. Iwe unogadzira iyo inorarama Linux USB kutanga, gadzira iyo partition ye Windows uchishandisa iyi inorarama Linux USB, uye wozoshandisa iyo imwechete kiyi USB senge bootable Windows USB.

Ini ndinokurudzira kwazvo kuti uverenge iyo dzidziso yese usati watanga kuteedzera nhanho.

Nhanho 0: Ita backup ye data rakakosha

Hechino chinhu. Uri kuenda kutamba pamwe dhisiki partitions uye bhuti marongero. Ukazvikanganisa iwe, unozorasa iyo data.

Kuve nekukwira kumusoro pane dhisiki rekunze kunokupa iwe mambure ekuchengetedza. Mumamiriro ezvinhu akaipisisa, kana zvinhu zvikashata, unogona kuisa imwe ye Windows kana Linux uye teedzera iyo data kumashure kwako system.

Unoita sei backup? Nzira yakapusa kuve neyekunze USB kana SSD dhisiki uye kuteedzera mafaera kubva kuZvinyorwa, Mumhanzi, Mifananidzo uye mamwe maforodha pawakachengeta mafaera ako.

Nhanho 1: Gadzira bootable Windows USB

Kana iwe uine mukana we Windows system, unogona tevedza rairo paMicrosoft webhusaiti kugadzira bootable Windows media.

Kana iwe uchingova chete neLinux system, kugadzira bootable Windows USB inogona kunyengera. Nekutenda, chishandiso chakavhurika sosi yekushandisa inonzi Ventoy inobatsira zvakanyanya mune ino kesi.

Ini ndanyora mune zvakadzama nezve kugadzira bootable Windows 10 USB paLinux. Ndapota tarisa kunongedzo kune mirayiridzo yakadzama. Ini ndichataura zvikamu zvakakosha pano.

Pinza muUSB yako neinenge 8 GB yehukuru uye woimisa. Zvino, tora ISO ye Microsoft Windows.

Download Windows

Tevere, tora iyo yazvino Ventoy kuburitswa. Bvisa dhairekitori uye unomhanya VentoyWeb.sh script ne Sudo. Ichakupa iyo URL kana iwe uchimhanya nayo. Kopa iyi URL uye unamate mubrowser.

mhanya ventoy linux

Ichavhura peji rewebhu ine Ventoy inomhanya mairi. Enda kune yekumisikidza UEFI uye rova ​​iyo yekuisa bhatani.

sarudza chirongwa chekuparadzanisa

Paunenge waiswa, iwe uchaona zvikamu zviviri pane USB diski: VTOYEFI uye Ventoy. Iwe unofanirwa kuteedzera kurodha pasi Windows ISO chifananidzo kuVentoy partition.

mufananidzo windows iso kuna ventoy

Kana iko kuteedzera kwapera, Usatize kuburitsa kunze USB zvakadaro. Dzvanya pane unmount sarudzo kubva kumaneja faira.

Zvakanaka. Saka ikozvino zvaunenge uine bootable Windows USB, ichave iri zano rakanaka kuyedza iyo uone kuti inoshanda here.

Unozviita sei? Plug mu Windows USB, reboot system yako. Kana sisitimu iri kutangazve uye ichiratidza logo yemugadziri wesystem yako, pinda makiyi eF2 / F10 / F12 kuti uwane marongero eBIOS.

Paunenge uri muBIOS, sarudza kubhoot kubva kuUSB. Mune zvimwe zviitiko, ungatofanira kudzima boot yakachengeteka kubva pazvirongwa zveBIOS.

sarudza bhutsu kubva kune live usb

Kana iyo bootable Windows Kugadzirwa kwe USB kwaive kubudirira, iwe unofanirwa kuona Ventoy skrini uye sarudza kubhootera muWin10.

Booting windows na ventoy

Mushure meizvi, iwe uchaona imwe skrini nezve Windows kuisirwa. Usaende nechikamu chekumisikidza izvozvi. Vhara iyo uye simba pasi yako system uye wozotanga muLinux zvakare.

Iyi cheki yaidikanwa nekuti iwe unofanirwa kuve uine inoshanda bootable Windows USB. Pasina izvozvo, panenge pasina chikonzero chekutevera iyo yakasara dzidziso.

Bvisa bootable Windows USB panguva ino.

Nhanho 2: Gadzira inorarama Ubuntu Linux USB

Iwe unogona kushamisika kuti sei iwe uchida live Ubuntu USB pano paunenge uine Linux yakaiswa mushe.

Icho chikonzero ndechekuti iwe unofanirwa kugadzirisa iyo iripo partition uye woita imwe yemahara nzvimbo kwaunenge uchizogadzika Windows. Asi iwe haugone kuchinjisa chikamu chakatokwenenzverwa muLinux. Paunenge uchishandisa Linux, yako diski yakaiswa. Iwe haugone kuishandura uye kugadzira chikamu chitsva mairi.

Ichi ndicho chikonzero iwe uchida live Linux USB. Iwe unobhururuka kubva ku USB inorarama uye unoita chikamu chinodiwa pane diski kubva pachirongwa chehupenyu.

Iye zvino zvaunoziva chikonzero, ngatirambei tichigadzira irarame Ubuntu USB. Kutanga, tora iyo ISO mufananidzo weUbuntu kubva kune yayo webhusaiti. Chero vhezheni yeUbuntu inoshanda.

Download Ubuntu

Zvino, plug mune iyo USB ine angangoita 4 GB muhukuru.

PaUbuntu, unogona kuwana Startup Disk Musiki chishandiso. Iwe unogona zvakare shandisa Etcher paLinux. Sarudzo ndeyako. Pano, ini ndinoshandisa Startup Disk Musiki.

kutanga dhisiki musiki

Maitiro acho ari nyore. Yako yakavharirwa mu USB inofanira kuzivikanwa. Inofanira zvakare otomatiki kuwana iyo Ubuntu ISO. Kana zvisiri, iwe unogona kugara uchitarisa kwazviri. Neiyo seti, ingo rova ​​bhatani re "Make Startup Disk".

kugadzira live usb ubuntu startup disk musiki

Inofanira kutora maminetsi mashoma kugadzira iyo inorarama Ubuntu USB. Unogona kurova iyo siya bhatani riri pasi apa.

rarama usb yakagadzirwa mu ubuntu

Nhanho 3: Bhucha kubva kurarama USB uye ita yemahara nzvimbo ye Windows

Horaiti. Iye zvino iwe bhuti kubva kuLive Linux USB.

Tangazve sisitimu. Kana ichisimudzira uye ichiratidza logo yemugadziri, tinya F2 / F10 / F12 makiyi ekuwana marongero eBIOS. Muno, enda kuhurongwa hwebhutsu uye bhuti kubva kuLinux USB.

bhuti kubva kune live usb

Paunoona iyi skrini, enda kuUyedze Ubuntu.

Edza Ubuntu kuburikidza nehupenyu USB

Iye zvino zvaunenge uri muchikamu chehupenyu, vhura iyo Disk application. Yatove kuiswa.

run disk disk partition tool ubuntu

Mukushandisa kweDisks, nyatso sarudza main hard disk / SSD yekombuta yako. Apa ndipo pawakaiswa Linux. Sezvauri kuona mumufananidzo pazasi, ndine ESP partition (yeEFI masetti emabhodhi) uye imwechete Linux chikamu. Ichi ndicho chikamu chinoda kugadziriswa kuti chigadzire nzvimbo yemahara Windows.

resize disk ubuntu kuburikidza neyakagara chikamu

Kana iwe uine mudzi, swap uye kumba kupatsanura setup, iwe unofanirwa kudzora imba yekuparadzanisa.

Mukugadzirisa, icharatidza saizi shoma. Iwe haugone kudzikisa dhisiki pazasi peiyi poindi. Iwe unenge uchisiya imwe yekuwedzera nzvimbo yekushandisa kweLinux, hongu.

Ziva kuti "saizi yekuparadzanisa" ndeye Linux chikamu. Mumufananidzo pazasi, ini ndakadzora iyo Linux chikamu kusvika 120 GB kubva pa256 GB. Izvi zvinopa 136 GB yemahara nzvimbo ye Windows kuiswa.

kudzoreredza disk ubuntu kuburikidza neyakagara chikamu

Paunorova bhatani resize, zvinogona kutora maminetsi mashoma kuti upedze kuita saizi.

Sezvauri kuona mumufananidzo pazasi, ikozvino ndine zvikamu zvitatu pane yangu system. Imwe ndeye 500 MB yeESp partition (yeEFI boot), 120 GB yeExt4 partition yeLinux uye 136 GB yemahara nzvimbo.

disk resized linux

Iwe ikozvino wakatsaurira yemahara nzvimbo kwauchazoisa Windows. Bvisa pasi system yako izvozvi.

Nhanho 4: Bhuti kubva Windows USB uye tanga kuisa Windows

Chivhariso mu bootable yako Windows UBS. Kamwe zvakare, tangazve yako system, pinda iyo BIOS marongero uye bhuti kubva kuUSB. Parizvino, iwe unoziva kuita izvi. Watoita izvi mudanho rekutanga uchitarisa bootable Windows USB.

sarudza bhutsu kubva kune live usb

Iwe unofanirwa kuona iyo Ventoy skrini kana iwe ukagadzira iyo bootable Windows USB nayo. Rova pinda.

Booting windows na ventoy

Iwe unofanirwa kuona iyo Windows logo. Mushure memasekondi mashoma, iwe uchaona iyo sarudzo yekusarudza mutauro, nguva uye keyboard.

kuisa windows

Chirongwa chinotevera chinokupa iwe sarudzo yekutanga kuisirwa. Ridza "Isa Izvozvi".

nekuisa windows mushure meUbuntu

Mune akatevera mashoma skrini, ichabvunza iyo Windows rezinesi kiyi. Kana iwe usina, ruka. Unogona kumutsa Windows gare gare futi. Iwe uchakumbirwa kusarudza Windows vhezheni uye bvuma rezinesi rekupedzisira mushandisi.

  • kuisa windows 3
    Pinda kiyi rezinesi kana kurisvetuka
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    Gamuchira mazwi uye chibvumirano

Muchikamu chinotevera, enda neCustom tsika yekuisa.

tsika windows install

Iye zvino iwe unouya kuchikamu chekuparadzanisa. Sarudza iyo yemahara nzvimbo (isina nzvimbo nzvimbo) iwe yawakagadzira mune nhanho 3 uye rova ​​Inotevera bhatani.

nekuisa windows mushure meUbuntu

Zvinotora maminetsi mashoma mukuteedzera mafaera uye nekumisikidza Windows.

nekuisa windows mushure meUbuntu

Mushure meizvozvo, yako system ichatangazve otomatiki uye panguva ino inozopinda mukati Windows zvakananga.

Windows kuisirwa hakusi pamusoro zvachose. Pane bhuti rinotevera, iwe unozokumbirwa kugadzirisa Windows zvekushandisa kwako uye izvi zvinosemesa asi zviri nyore kwazvo kutevera.

Ini handisi kuenda zvakadzama pachikamu ichi nekuti ndinoziva iwe unogona kubata chikamu chekumisikidza, icho chakamirira nekurova bhatani rinotevera kazhinji. Ndiri kugovera mashoma screenshots chete kune chirevo, hazvo.

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Paunenge iwe waisa Windows zvinobudirira, mikana ndeyekuti iwe unenge uchitanga kupinda mukati Windows nekutadza. Iwe unofanirwa kudzosera iyo Grub mbiri bhuti skrini kumashure.

Nhanho 5: Tora iyo Grub bootloader kudzoka

Kamwe zvakare, tangazve yako sisitimu uye painenge ichimisikidza, enda kune zvigadziriso zveBIOS. Kubva pakuteedzana kwebhuti kana kurongeka kwebhutsu, fambisa Ubuntu kumusoro iyo odha. Iwe ungatofanira kushandisa museve makiyi kana F5 kana F6 uye iyo skrini inogona kutaridzika zvakasiyana kune akasiyana system.

chinja boot odhiyo ubuntu windows

Sevha uye buda uye ino nguva iwe unofanirwa kunge uri kubhodhi muUbuntu. Hondo haisati yapera. Iyo grub bootloader ungangodaro usinga zive kuvepo kwe Windows. Ichi chikonzero nei iri zano rakanaka ku gadziridza grub muUbuntu.

Zvese iwe zvunofanirwa kuita kuvhura terminal uye kushandisa unotevera kuraira:

sudo update-grub

Tangazve yako system zvakare. Iwe unofanirwa kukwaziswa neyakajairwa grub boot screen iyo inokupa iwe sarudzo yekusarudza pakati pekubheta muUbuntu uye Windows.

Dual Boot chibvukuche Screen

Uye izvo zvinotisvitsa isu kumagumo erwendo rurefu urwu. Zvinotora nguva uye kushanda nesimba, asi kana iwe uchida kuisa Windows mushure mekuisa Ubuntu, izvi zvinogona kuitwa.

Kana iwe uchiri nemibvunzo, ndokumbira undizivise muchikamu chekutaura uye ndichaedza kukupindura.

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