Zvinhu zvaunofanira kuita Pakuisa Ubuntu 18.04

Muchidimbu: Urongwa urwu rwezvinhu zvaunofanira kuita mushure mekuisa Ubuntu 18.04 inokubatsira kutanga ne Bionic Beaver kuti uwane ruzivo ruzivo rwedesktop.

Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver inosunungurwa nhasi. Iwe uri kutove watoziva nezve zvitsva muBuntu 18.04 LTS kusunungurwa. Kana zvisingaiti, heino mhinduro yevhidhiyo yeBuntu 18.04 LTS.

Kana ukasarudza kuisa Ubuntu 18.04, ndakanyora pasi maitiro mashomanana akakurudzirwa aunogona kutevera kuti utange nawo.

Zvinhu zvaunofanira kuita mushure mekuisa Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Ndakagadzira vhidhiyo kuti ndikuratidze zvinhu zvakakurudzirwa. Iwe unogona kutarisa vhidhiyo kuti uione iri muchiito:

Bhalisa kune YouTube Channel kune mamwe Ubuntu Videos

Ndinofanira kutaurira kuti urongwa hwezvinhu zvaunofanira kuita mushure mekuisa Ubuntu 18.04 hunoenderana nezvako uye zvido zvako nezvido zvako. Kana iwe uri mugadziri wepurogiramu, iwe uchaisa pfungwa pakuisa purogiramu yekushandisa. Kana iwe uri mufananidzo wakajeka, iwe uchaisa pfungwa pakuisa zvishandiso zvemifananidzo.

Kunyange zvakadaro, kune zvinhu zvishomanana zvinofanira kunge zvichishanda kune vakawanda vashandisi veUbuntu. Urongwa urwu runoumbwa nezvinhu izvozvi uye zvishoma zvangu zvandinoda.

Uyezve, urongwa urwu nderwekusafa GNOME desktop. Kana iwe uri kushandisa chimwe chevhiri kufanana Kubuntu, Lubuntu etc saka zvinhu zveGNOME-zvakashata hazvizoshandisi pamutambo wako.

Iwe haufaniri kutevera chimwe nechimwe chinongororwa pane zvakanyora zvisizvo. Iwe unofanirwa kuona kana chiito chakurudzirwa chinokodzera zvaunoda kana kwete.

Nezvo zvakati, ngatitangei nemhando iyi yezvinhu zvekuita mushure mokuisa Ubuntu 18.04.

Zvinyorwa zvekuverengaThings Unofanira Kuziva Nezve Ubuntu 18.04

1. Dzorerai system

Ichi ndicho chinhu chokutanga chaunofanira kuita mushure mokuisa Ubuntu. Dzorera iyo system pasina kukanganisa. Icho chinogona kuve chisinganzwisisiki nokuti iwe wakangobva waisa OS itsva asi zvakadaro, unofanira kutarisa zvarudzo.

Muhupenyu hwangu, kana iwe usingavandudzi urongwa hwakanaka mushure mekuisa Ubuntu, unogona kutarisana nemamiriro ezvinhu uchiedza kuisa purogiramu itsva.

Kuti uvandudze Ubuntu 18.04, tinya Super Key (Windows Kiyi) kuvhura Chiitiko Chekutarisa uye tarisa Software Kugadziridza. Mhanya nayo kuti uone zvekuvandudzwa.

Software Updater in Ubuntu 17.10

Zvimwe, unogona kushandisa aya mazita anozivikanwa mumutambo (Shandisa Ctrl + Alt + T):

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

2. Ita kuti zvinyorwa zviwedzere zvimwe zvepurogiramu

Ubuntu ine zvinyorwa zvakawanda kubva pane inopa software ye system yako. Izvi zvinodzokorora ndezvi:

  • Main-Free uye yakasununguka-software inotsigirwa neBlue team
  • Universe - Free software yakasununguka-yakachengetedzwa inowanikwa nevanhu
  • Dzakatambidzwa - Zvimotokari zvepavashandi zvezviyero.
  • Multiverse - Software inogadziriswa nekodzero kana nyaya dzepamutemo.
  • Canonical Partners - Software yakaiswa ne Ubuntu kune avo vanobatsirana navo

Kubvumira izvi zvose zvinyorwa zvingakupa kuwanika kune mamwe mapurogiramu nevanodhairi vese.

Enda kuChiitiko Chekuita nekudzvanya Super Kiyi (Windows key), uye tsvaga Software & Zvidzoreso:

Software uye Updates mu Ubuntu 17.10

Pasi peUbuntu Software tab, iva nechokwadi chokuti wakatarisa zvose zvePamusoro, Zvose, Zvakare uye Multiverse repository chengetedzwa.

Kuisa repositories mu Ubuntu 18.04

Zvino famba kune Zvimwe Zvesayenzi tab, chengeta chisarudzo che Canonical Partners.

Itai kuti Canonical Partners repository muBuntu 17.10

Iwe unofanira kutora password yako kuitira kuti uvandudze mapepa e-software. Kana yapera, uchawana mamwe maitiro ekuisa muSoft Center.

3. Ongorora GNOME desktop

Ubuntu 18.04 inouya neGNOME desktop yakashandurwa iyo ine zvinhu kubva kune zvose GNOME uye Unity. Izvi zvinogona kunge zvichinyanyisa kwauri pakutanga.

Asi kupedza maminitsi mashomanana kuongorora Ubuntu 18.04 GNOME uye iwe unenge uchinetseka pasina nguva. Chaizvoizvo, Ubuntu 18.04 inopa kutarisa nokukurumidza pamusoro pekuti 'kupi pane izvo' muyero rekugamuchira.

Kugamuchira chinyorwa muBuntu 18.04
Ubuntu 18.04 welcome screen

Ndinokurudzira zvikuru kuverenga nyaya ino pamusoro GNOME zvinyorwa mu Ubuntu kuitira kuti iwe ugone kuziva GNOME desktop zvakadzama. Iwe ungadai uchiziva kushandisa GNOME, kuti ungaita sei zvigadziriswe uye zvichishandisika tweaks kune system yako.

Iwe unogona kuita zvishomanana kuchinja kwekuona kubva paZvigadziriro zveSystem. Iwe unogona kuchinja mapeji edeskodhi uye lock screen, unogona kuchinja nzvimbo ye dock (shanje kurutivi rworuboshwe), shandura magadzirirwo emagetsi, bluetooth njere Muchidimbu, unogona kuwana zvirongwa zvakawanda zvaunogona kuchinja sezvazviri chido chako.

Ubuntu 17.10 System Settings

Shandura dhigirii nzvimbo

4. Isa ma media codecs

Kuti uite mitambo yemavhidhiyo yakadai seP MP #, MPEG4, AVI nezvimwe, uchada kuisa codec media. Ubuntu ina yavo muhofisi yavo asi haisi kuisimudza nekusavapo nekuda kwezvinyorwa zvekodzero munyika dzakasiyana-siyana.

Sezvo uri munhu, unogona kuisa aya ma media codecs nyore nyore kushandisa Ubuntu Rakadhwa Extra Package. Dzvanya pahungano pasi apa kuti uiise kubva kuSoftware Centre.

Isa Ubuntu Dzakatambidzwa Zvimwe

Kana zvimwe, shandisa mutemo uri pasi apa kuti uiise:

sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras

5. Isa software kubva paSoft Center

Iye zvino zvawakagadzirisa repositories uye akaisa codecs, ndiyo nguva yekuwana software. Kana iwe uri mutsva kuBuntu, tapota tevera izvi inotungamirira kuisa software mu Ubuntu.

Kune nzira dzakawanda dzekuisa software. Nzira yakanakisisa ndeyokushandisa Software Center iyo ine zviuru zvemapurogiramu anowanikwa mumapoka akasiyana-siyana. Iwe unogona kuaisa mumakwikwi mashomanana kubva ku-software centre.

Software Center mu Ubuntu 17.10

Inobva kwauri iwe rudzi rwepi software iwe unoda kuisa. Ndichataura zvimwe zvandinoda pano.

  • VLC - mutambi wemavhidhiyo wemavhidhiyo
  • GIMP - Photoshop dzimwe nzira dze Linux
  • Pinta - Paint alternative in Linux
  • Caliber - Tora yekushandisa eBook
  • chromium - Open Source web browser
  • Kazam - Screen recorder tool
  • Gdebi - Chiremera chekugadzira mapaiti ye .deb pakutengesa
  • Spotify - Kuchengetedza mimhanzi
  • Skype - Kutumira mavhidhiyo
  • Kdenlive - Video edhari ye Linux
  • atomu - Code editor for programming
  • Android Studio - For Android app development

Iwe unogonawo kutarisa kune urongwa urwu inofanira-ine Linux applications kune mamwe mazano mapurogiramu.

6. Isa software kubva paWebhu

Kunyange zvazvo Ubuntu ine zviuru zvezvidzidzo mu-software centre, haugone kuwana zvimwe zvekudavira kwako pasinei nokuti vanotsigira Linux.

Vakawanda vevatengesi vepa software vanopa akagadzirira kuisa .deb puraji. Iwe unogona kukotora aya mafaira ededeb kubva pawebsite yavo uye uiise iyo kaviri-kutengesa pairi.

Google Chrome iyo imwe software yakadaro iyo iwe unokwanisa kutora kubva pawebhu uye uiise iyo.

7. Shandisa Flatpak mu Ubuntu 18.04 kuti uwane mamwe maitiro

Flatpak is universal packaging system from Fedora. Sezvakaita Snap, iwe unogona kuisa Flatpak pakapetwa maitiro mune zvakasiyana-siyana zve Linux iyo inotsigira Flatpak.

Ubuntu 18.04 inobatsira Flatpak nekusara. Zvisinei, mune zvimedu zvishoma, iwe unogona kuwana Flatpak machechi zvakananga kuBuntu Software Center. Izvi zvichakubatsira iwe nyore nyore kuisa mamwe mabasa akadai se Viber njodzi yausingawani muBuntu Software Center.

Kutanga, chengetedza kana Support Flatpak inobvumira kana kwete (shoma install option haina Flatpak:

sudo apt install flatpak

Uye zvino, shandisa Plugin Flatpak yeGNOME Software Center.

sudo apt install gnome-software-plugin-flatpak

Chinhu chekupedzisira chingava kuwedzera futi yePlathub iyo ichakupa iwe kuwanika kune zvese zvinowanikwa zviripo Flathub Website.

flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo

Izvo chete ndezvokuti iwe uchaona maitiro akawanda muBuntu software centre. Maombi Flatpak akatevedzwa nepo dl.flathub.org uye saka iwe unokwanisa kuasanzwisisa nyore nyore.

Flatpak inoshandisa Ubuntu Software Center

8. Sarudza kunze kwekuunganidza data muBuntu 18.04 (uchida)

Ubuntu 18.04 inounganidza dzimwe nhamba dzisingabatsiri pamusoro pehutori hwehurongwa hwako uye kushandiswa kwako kwekugadzirisa. Iko inogadzirawo mishumo yekuputika.

Iwe uchapiwa sarudzo yekutumira deta iyi kuUser servers paunopinda ku Ubuntu 18.04 kokutanga.

Sarudza kunze kwekuunganidza data muBuntu 18.04

Kana iwe ukarasikirwa nenguva iyoyo, unogona kuzvidzivirira nekuenda kuSystem Zvirongwa -> Zvekuvanzika wozoisa iyo Dambudziko Kuzivisa kuManyorerwo.

Zvigadziro zvezvigadziri muBuntu 18.04

9. Shanduka maonero edesktop yako nemitambo mitsva nemifananidzo

Ubuntu 18.04 Communitme
Ubuntu Communitheme

Kushandura zvinyorwa uye mifananidzo ndiyo nzira huru yekuchinja maitiro ehurongwa hwako. Ndinokurudzira kuti uende kuburikidza neurongwa rwe zvakanakisisa zvinyorwa zveGNOME uye icons for Ubuntu. Kana uchinge wawana musoro uye chiratidzo chekusarudza kwako, unogona kuzvishandisa neGNOME Tweaks tool.

Iwe unogona kuisa GNOME Tweaks kuburikidza neSoftware Centre kana unogona kushandisa murairo uri pasi apa kuti uiise:

sudo apt install gnome-tweak-tool

Kana yaiswa, unogona nyore Isa zvinyorwa zvitsva nemifananidzo.

Shanduko yechinyorwa ndeimwe yezvinofanira kuita zvinhu mushure mekuisa Ubuntu 17.10

Shandura mifananidzo nemifananidzo

10. Wedzera usability yeGNOME desktop neGNOME extension

Iwe unofanirawo kutarisa shandisa GNOME kuwedzera kuti uwedzere kuwedzera maitiro uye maitiro ehurongwa hwako. Ndakaita vhidhiyo iyi pamusoro pekushandisa GNOME kuwedzera mune 17.10 uye iwe unogona kutevera zvakafanana kuBuntu 18.04.

Kana iwe uri kunetseka kuti ndekupi kuwedzerwa kushandiswa, ona kutarisa urongwa hwe zvakanakisisa GNOME extensions.

11. Shandisa bhatiri yako uye udzivise kupisa

Ngatitungamirirei kudzivisa kupisa mu Linux laptops. TLP ishandisi inoshamisa inodzora kutonhora kwe CPU uye inowedzera hupenyu hwako hwebhetta 'munguva refu.

Iva nechokwadi chekuti hauna kuisa imwe shanduro yekugonesa kwe simba sekudai Laptop Mode Tools. Iwe unogona kuisa iyo uchishandisa murairo uri pasi apa muine terminal:

sudo apt install tlp tlp-rdw

Pane imwe yakagadzirwa, shandisa murayiro uri pasi apa kuti uitange:

sudo tlp start

12. Chengetedza maziso ako ne Nightnight

Usiku hwemazuva ndihwo huwandu hwangu hunofarira muGNOME desktop. Kuchengeta meso ako akachengeteka usiku kubva pane kombiyuta inokosha zvikuru. Kuderedza chiedza chebhuruu kunobatsira kuderedza dambudziko reziso usiku.

flux effect

GNOME inopa yakagadzirirwa muChinhu Chiedza cheNsiku, iyo iwe unogona kuigadzirisa muZvigadziriro zveSystem.

Ingo enda kuSystem Zvirongwa-> Midziyo-> Inoratidza uye batidza iyo Chiedza chehusiku sarudzo.

Kugonesa usiku chiedza ndicho chinofanira kuita mu Ubuntu 17.10

13. Dzorera zvinyorwa zvinosungirirwa kumbomira kumaptops

Ubuntu 18.04 inouya nechitsva chekusimudzira kushandiswa kwemafoni. Kana iyo sarudzo iri kushanda pabhateri uye isingashandisi maminitsi e20, ichaenda mukusimudzira mode.

Ndinonzwisisa kuti chinangwa ndechokuchengetedza hupenyu hwebhetti asi zvakare kushungurudzika zvakare. Iwe haugoni kuchengetedza simba ravharwa nguva dzose nokuti harina kunaka muupenyu hwebheteri. Uye iwe unogona kudiwa kuti urongwa huve huchishanda kunyange iwe usingashandisi.

Nekutenda, iwe unogona kuchinja maitiro aya. Enda kuSystem Zvirongwa -> Simba. Pasi peSuspend & Power Bhatani chikamu, chero kudzima otomatiki Kumisa sarudzo kana kuwedzera nguva yayo yenguva.

Dzvitsa zvinowanzosimudza muBuntu 18.04

Iwe unogonawo kuchinja maitiro ekupenya kwekrini muno.

14. Shanduro yekuchenesa

Ndanyora muchidimbu pamusoro nzira yekuchenesa yako Ubuntu system. Ndinokurudzira kuverenga iyo chinyorwa kuziva nzira dzakasiyana-siyana dzekuchengetedza hurongwa hwako pasina junk.

Kazhinji, unogona kushandisa mutemo muduku uyu kuti usunungure nzvimbo kubva pane yako:

sudo apt autoremove

Iyoyo pfungwa yakanaka yekushandisa mutemo uyu nguva dzose kamwechete kwenguva. Kana iwe usingadi mutsetse wemirairo, unogona kushandisa shanduro yeGII se Stacer or Bleach Bit.

15. Kudzokera kuUnited kana Vanilla GNOME (isina kukurudzirwa)

Kana iwe wakanga uchishandisa Unity kana GNOME munguva yakapfuura, ungasafarira GNOME yakashandurwa pakombiyuta mu Ubuntu 18.04. Ubuntu yakagadzirisa GNOME kuitira kuti inofanise kubatana asi pamagumo ezuva, haisi kubatana zvachose kana GNOME zvakakwana.

Saka kana uri mubatanidzwa wakaoma kana kuti GNOMEfan, unogona kuda kushandisa yako yaunoda desktop panzvimbo ye 'chaiyo'. Handidi kukurudzira asi kana iwe uchiomesa pano pane mamwe mazvidzidzo kwauri:

16. Haikwanisi kupinda neUbuntu 18.04 mushure mekune password isina kururama? Heino basa

Ndakaona a bit bug in Ubuntu 18.04 paanenge achiedza kuchinja purogiramu yedhidhiyo ku Ubuntu Community theme. Zvinoratidzika kana iwe uchiedza kuchinja zvidzidzo pachikwangwani chekunyoresa, inoramba password yako kutanga uye pakuedza kwechipiri, kupindira kunowanikwa. Iwe unogona kumirira 5-10 maminitsi kuti uidzose kana kuti usimbise simba racho.

Basa rinowanikwa apa nderekuti mushure mokunge risaona risina kukodzera purogiramu yephasiwedi, bhura Chengetedza, ipapo chengetedza zita rako, uye nyora yako password zvakare.

17. Dzidzai Mutemo weChitatu (kusarudza)

Ubuntu 18.04 yaifanirwa kuva nehurukuro itsva yehurukuro yakagadzirwa navanhu. Musoro wacho haugoni kupedzwa kuitira kuti urege kuve kutarisa kusingagumi kweByonic Beaver kusunungurwa. Ndiri kufungidzira kuti ichange ichinyanya kuitika muBuntu 18.10.

Ubuntu 18.04 Communitme
Ubuntu Communitheme

Iwe unogona kuedza dhiyabhorosi musoro kunyange nhasi. Kuisa Ubuntu Community Theme iri nyore kwazvo. Ingozvitsvaga mune imwe nzvimbo yepurogiramu, isai iyo, tangazve yehurongwa hwako uye ipapo pakusimwa sarudza sangano reCommunitime.

18. Tora Windows 10 mu Virtual Bhokisi (kana uchida iyo)

Mune mamiriro ezvinhu aunofanira kushandisa Windows kune zvimwe zvikonzero, unogona install Windows mubhokisi chairo mukati meLinux. Ichapfuura sekushandiswa kweBuntu nguva dzose.

Haisi iyo nzira yakanakisisa asi ichiri kukupa sarudzo. Iwe unogona zvakare shandisa WINE kumhanya Windows software paLinux. Muzviitiko zvose izvi, ndinotaura kuedza imwe shanduro yekutanga yeLuxux kusati yatanga kusvitsa kumashini chaiyo kana WINE.

19. Kugadzirisa zviduku zvishoma mu Ubuntu 18.04

Sezvandakatanga kushandisa Ubuntu 18.04, ndakaona zvinhu zvishoma zvandakawana zvinogumbura. Ndakaputira nyaya idzi duku uye kugadzirisa kwavo mune zvinyorwa zvakasiyana. Ndiri kungovanyora pasi pano nehukama hwakakodzera.

20. Unoitei mushure mokuisa Ubuntu?

Izvo zvakanga zviri mazano angu ekutanga ne Ubuntu. Kune zvakawanda zvakawanda zvidzidzo zvaunogona kuwana pasi Ubuntu 18.04 tag. Iwe unogona kuenda kuburikidza navo zvakare kuti uone kana pane chimwe chinhu chinobatsira kwauri.

Zvakwana kubva kwandiri. Nguva yako ikozvino. Ndezvipi zvinhu zviri pane yako zvinhu zvaunofanira kuita mushure mekuisa Ubuntu 18.04? Chikamu chehurukuro chacho ndechewe.

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