How to install any version of Windows from one USB flash drive

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With the advent of USB drives, our activities with CD/DVDs are also decreasing considerably. The same has happened to the process of installation of Windows. Earlier Windows setup mostly had a CD/DVD involved, but with the time we have moved to USB drives. Installing a Windows from a USB is okay, but have you ever considered installing multiple versions of Windows, like say, Windows 10, Windows 8,1 and Windows 7, from the same USB drive. Well, this tutorial is here to guide you on installing any version of Windows from one USB flash drive using a tool called WinSetupFromUSB.

Install any version of Windows from one USB flash drive
Things you’ll need:

A USB drive
ISO files for Windows
WinSetupFromUSB
A working Windows PC

Step 1: Download WinSetupFromUSB from here. Extract the downloaded file and run WinSetupFromUSB as per the architecture of your system (x64 or x86).

Step 2: Plug in your USB drive and ensure that there is enough free space or you can directly format the USB drive using WinSetupFromUSB. FAT32 file system is recommended for installing Windows from USB. Choose your USB drive according to the number of setups you want to add to the USB drive. For more than two setups it is recommended to have a USB drive of 16 GBs or more.

Step 3: Open WinSetupFromUSB and head to Advanced Options, and enable Custom menu names for Vista/7/8/Server Source. This option will let you add your own custom names to Windows 7/8/10 menus.

Step 4: Select your USB drive in WinSetupFromUSB and then select the versions of Windows that you want to add to the USB drive. You can add Windows ranging from Windows 2000/XP/2003 to Windows Vista/7/8/10.

Step 5: Locate the ISO files and hit the ‘Go’ button. The entire process will take a bit of time and will display a ‘Job Done’ message at the end.

Install multiple Windows versions using WinSetupFromUSB
To add more setups, repeat the process for more ISO files. For instance, I’ve added Windows 10 and Windows 7 to the USB drive. Since it cannot be done in one go, I added Windows 10 first and then added Windows 7 after the first job was complete.

Step 6: Now remove the USB drive and plug it into the computer where you want to install Windows. Go to the boot settings of the computer and boot from your USB drive and then select the desirable option from the list and you are good to go.

That is all you need to do!

In addition to Windows, you can also add Linux Distros to the same USB drive and do a lot more with WinSetupFromUSB.

Do also check out our tutorial on downloading Windows 10 ISO files.

RECOMMENDED: Click here to update all device drivers on your Windows PC

Related Posts:

How to Upgrade to Windows 10, using Windows 10 ISO
How to Install Windows 7 from USB easily
How to Clean Install Windows 10 from USB
Create Bootable Media using Windows USB/DVD Download Tool
Create Bootable Windows 8 USB Flash Drive with Windows 8 USB Installer Maker

How to Install PostgreSQL and phpPgAdmin on OpenSUSE Leap 42.1

How to Install PostgreSQL and phpPgAdmin on OpenSUSE Leap 42.1

PostgreSQL (most people call it Postgres) is an advanced object-relational database management system (ORDBMS). Postgres is an open source database server with more than 18 years of active development which makes Postgres the best choice for enterprise-class applications.

Postgresql is cross-platform and runs on many operating systems like Linux, OSX, Windows and the BSD family. It’s the right choice when you have an application with large database workloads. Postgres has been used by many large organizations including Yahoo, Instagram, and Disqus. Postgres is also offered as software as a service (SaaS) by e.g. Heroku and AWS (Amazon Web Services).

In this tutorial, I will show you how to install Postgres on your own server with OpenSUSE Leap as operating system. Then I will install phpPgAdmin so we can manage our Postgres database from the web browser.

Prerequisite

OpenSUSE Leap 42.1
Root privileges

Step 1 – Install PostgreSQL
The openSUSE repository contains two version of Postgres. In this step, we will install PostgreSQL 9.4 on openSUSE with zypper command.

Install PostgreSQL with zypper:

zypper in postgresql94 postgresql94-contrib postgresql94-server

Start postgresql with systemctl:

systemctl start postgresql

Step 2 – Configure Default User
In this step, we will set a password for the postgres user. Postgresql uses a concept that is similar to the Linux user system called “role” for basic authentication and authorization. By default, postgresql creates a new user named “postgres” to manage the postgresql server.

Let’s take the first step to configuring the postgresql database by logging into the user postgres from the terminal:

sudo su
su – postgres

Now we will use the psql command. psql is the command line front-end for PostgreSQL, we can directly execute PostgreSQL queries from it.

psql

From the psql shell, we can change the password of the “postgres” user with the “password” command below:

password postgres
New Password:

Enter your new password for postgres user.

Step 3 – Create a new PostgreSQL User
In this step, we will create a new user/role with superuser privileges and create a new database and grant the user access.

To create a new a user, we must login as postgres user, and then create a new role and database with the command below:

su – postgres
createuser -s nano
createdb nano_db

Note:

-s option is used to give the new user superuser privileges.

nano is new user name.

nano_db is new database name.

Now login to the postgresql shell psql and give our new role a password and grant database access.

psql
alter user nano with encrypted password ‘aqwe123@’;
grant all privileges on database nano_db to nano;

I will use the password ‘aqwe123@’ for the user nano here, and grant the privileges to the database nano_db.

This user will be used to login to the postgresql from the web based phpPgAdmin interface because we should not allow any default user or user without a password to login to postgresql from the phpPgAdmin.

Step 4 – Configure PostgreSQL
In this step, we will configure PostgreSQL to listen on the public IP so we can access it with DB modeling tools remotely from our desktop computer.You can skip this step if you don’t want to access Postgres remotely.

Go to the postgresql directory “/var/lib/pgsql/” and edit the main configuration file “postgresql.conf” with your favorite editor:

cd /var/lib/pgsql/
cd data/
vim postgresql.conf

Uncomment line 59 and change the value from localhost to “*”.

Uncomment line 63 to configure the default port.

listen_addresses = ‘*’
port = 5432

Save the file and exit the editor.

To allow access from the web application phpPgAdmin to the PostgreSQL database, we need to edit the pg_hba.conf file and change some configuration settings.

Edit the “pg_hba.conf” file with vim:

vim pg_hba.conf

At the end of the line, change the configuration for authentication to md5:

#TYPE Database User Address Method
local all all md5
host all all 127.0.0.1/32 md5
host all all ::1/128 md5

If you want to allow new connections from outside of the server like using PgAdmin3, you can add more “host” records e.g. for the IP of your desktop.

Save and exit.

Now restart the PostgreSQL service with systemctl command:

systemctl restart postgresql

Step 5 – Install and Configure phpPgAdmin
phpPgAdmin is a web-based application to manage PostgreSQL databases. It is based on PHP and provides a GUI to manage databases and to create roles. In this step, we will install phpPgAdmin and because it’s accessible from the web browser we will use apache2 as the web server.

Install phpPgAdmin with this zypper command:

zypper in phpPgAdmin

The command will automatically install the dependencies PHP and apache web server.

Next, go to the phpPgAdmin directory and edit the configuration file config.inc.php.

cd /etc/phpPgAdmin/
vim config.inc.php

In the host configuration line 18, set the value to “localhost”.

$conf[‘servers’][0][‘host’] = ‘localhost’;

If you want to allow a user with name “postgres” or “root” to login to the postgresql with phpPgAdmin, you can set the extra security to false, but it’s not recommended to set it false. check the line 93.

$conf[‘extra_login_security’] = true;

Save and exit.

Then activate the PHP and version extension in apache as they are needed by phpPgAdmin:

a2enmod php5
a2enmod version

Now restart all services with systemctl command:

systemctl restart postgresql
systemctl restart apache2

Step 6 – Testing
Access phpPgAdmin from the web browser with URL:

http://192.168.1.101/phpPgAdmin/

Login with user nano and password ‘aqwe123@’.

if you log in with user ‘postgres’ and the correct password, it’s disallowed.

Reference

https://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/auth-methods.html#AUTH-PASSWORD
https://www.howtoforge.com/tutorial/postgresql-on-ubuntu-15-04/

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Just-Install: batch install programs on Windows

Just-Install is a command line driven program for Windows that enables you to batch install a selection of programs on the operating system it is run on.

The Windows operating system does not ship with a package installer itself, but there are several third party tools such as Ninite or Chocolatey that you can run to install multiple programs in one operation.

The main appeal of these programs is convenience as you may install a number of programs in one go instead of installing them separately.

Many package installers for Windows add features such as silent installations to the process to make things more comfortable.

One of the downsides is that the list of supported programs is usually limited.

Just-Install

Just-Install supports roughly 120 different programs at the time of writing. You may install one, some or even all of them from the command line, or, batch files if you want.

The first thing you need to do is load the program on the local system.

Tap on the Windows-key, type cmd.exe, hold down Shift and Ctrl, and hit the Enter-key. This opens an elevated command prompt.
Run the command msiexec.exe /i http://go.just-install.it.

Doing so installs the program on the local system. The command tells Windows to install the program that is downloaded from the supplied URL.

You may then run the program with parameters to install software on the Windows device.

Installing Software in bulk

Below is a list of commands the software supports:

just-install update: updates the Registry with the latest information about each supported program.
just-install list: this lists all available packages on the command line in alphabetical order.
just-install software1 software2 software3: downloads and installs the specified packages on the system.

Several parameters are supported, of which -d tells the program to only download but not install the selected applications, and -a to enforce the installation for a specific architecture if supported (e.g. -a x86 to install the 32-bit version of a program if available).

Supported Programs
The 120 packages that Just-Install supports include popular programs such as Firefox, Chrome, CCleaner, VLC or 7-Zip. You also find several development related programs supported including Autohotkey, Python 2.7 and 3, Ruby or VisualStudio Express.

The full list of supported programs is available on the developer homepage, or when you run the list command.

While the selection covers a lot of ground, it is somewhat limited. It supports Gimp but not Paint.net, 7-Zip but not Bandizip, Firefox and Chrome but not Opera or Vivaldi, or VLC but not SMPlayer.

Whether that is an issue or not depends on the programs you install on devices you manage or run. Some users will probably find 90% or even more of the programs they work with supported by just-install, while the value may drop to 20% or even less for others.

Chocolatey, another batch installer for Windows, supports more than 4000 packages at the time of writing for instance and is as easy to use.

Removing installed programs
All programs are installed, and as such listed by Windows when you open the list of installed programs (or apps).

This includes the Just-install application which you may remove from the system there as well.

Closing Words
Just-Install is a batch installer for Windows that supports 120 popular programs right now. It is relatively easy to use, and mostly useful when it comes to installing software after starting Windows for the first time on a new device or after installation.

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The post Just-Install: batch install programs on Windows appeared first on gHacks Technology News.

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